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1,001 Sayings and Deeds of the Prophet

Bible Stories

(The following should be read in conjunctions with Shared Prophets)

All the Prophet's recollections of past events could be considered apocryphal tales (stories of doubtful authenticity), with his remembrances of stuff the Bible mostly left out the most deserving of scepticism; much of it the results of visions into the past and from ethereal conversations he had with the angel Gabriel.

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

The Prophet once came to us and said, "All the nations were displayed in front of me, and I saw a large multitude of people covering the horizon. Somebody said, 'This is Moses and his followers.' "

Bukhari 55.622

Abraham

Abraham was a skyscraper of a man.

Narrated Samura:

Allah's Apostle said, "Two persons came to me at night (in [a]dream) (and took me along with them). We passed by a tall man who was so tall that I was not able to see his head and that person was Abraham."

Bukhari 55.573

On two separate occasions, in the Koran, Abraham's people attempt to burn him to a crisp, and both times the Patriarch of Muslims and Jews walks out of the fire without even a hair being singed.

The second time, Abraham has had enough and asks Allah to give him a new people to lead. We don't know if Allah acquiesced to the Patriarch's request, what we do know from the hadiths is that God's Messenger took revenge on the specie of lizard that supplied the fire with which Abraham's kin tried to incinerate him.

Narrated Um Sharik:

Allah's Apostle ordered that the salamander should be killed and said, "It (i.e. the salamander) blew (the fire) on Abraham."

Bukhari 55.579

Adam

Poor omnipotent Allah, the abuse He suffers to this day started with the son of Adam, which He does not name, but is assumed to be Cain.

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Apostle said, "Allah said, 'The son of Adam hurts me for he abuses Time though I am Time: in My Hands are all things, and I cause the revolution of day and night.'"

Bukhari 60.351

How the son(s) of Adam lie about and abuse Allah:

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

The Prophet said, "Allah said, 'The son of Adam tells a lie against me though he has no right to do so, and he abuses Me though he has no right to do so. As for his telling a lie against Me, it is that he claims that I cannot recreate him as I created him before; and as for his abusing Me, it is his statement that I have offspring. No! Glorified be Me! I am far from taking a wife or offspring.'"

Bukhari 60.9

The son(s) of Adam are one avaricious bunch indeed!

Narrated Sahl bin Sa'd:

I heard Ibn Az-Zubair who was on the pulpit at Mecca, delivering a sermon, saying, "O men! The Prophet used to say, 'If the son of Adam were given a valley full of gold, he would love to have a second one; and if he were given the second one, he would love to have a third, for nothing fills the belly of Adam's son except dust. And Allah forgives he who repents to Him.'"

Ubai said, "We considered this as a saying from the Qur'an till the Sura (beginning with) 'The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you..' (102:1) was revealed."

Bukhari 76.446

How Allah makes the son(s) of Adam, whose destiny He has pre-ordained, spend some of their wealth:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said (that Allah said), "Vowing does not bring to the son of Adam anything I have not already written in his fate, but vowing is imposed on him by way of fore ordainment. Through vowing I make a miser spend of his wealth."

Bukhari 77.606

Like in the Old Testament, adultery is more than just doing it. In the hadiths it is your private parts, which the Prophet may have literally believed had a mind of their own, that ultimately decide whether you actually do it.

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

I did not see anything so resembling minor sins as what Abu Huraira said from the Prophet, who said, "Allah has written for the son of Adam his inevitable share of adultery whether he is aware of it or not: The adultery of the eye is the looking (at something which is sinful to look at), and the adultery of the tongue is to utter (what it is unlawful to utter), and the inner self wishes and longs for (adultery) and the private parts turn that into reality or refrain from submitting to the temptation."

Bukhari 77.609

What Allah has ordained for the daughters of Adam:

Narrated Al-Qasim:

Aisha said, "We set out with the sole intention of performing Hajj and when we reached Sarif, (a place six miles from Mecca) I got my menses. Allah's Apostle came to me while I was weeping. He said 'What is the matter with you? Have you got your menses?'

I replied, 'Yes.'

He said, 'This is a thing which Allah has ordained for the daughters of Adam. So do what all the pilgrims do with the exception of the Taw-af (Circumambulation) round the Ka'ba."

Aisha added, "Allah's Apostle sacrificed cows on behalf of his wives."

Bukhari 6.293

Cain

It was of course Cain who started what became a tradition of unjustified homicides i.e. murders not sanctioned by Allah.

Narrated Abdullah:

Allah's Apostle said, "Whenever a person is murdered unjustly, there is a share from the burden of the crime on the first son of Adam for he was the first to start the tradition of murdering."

Bukhari 55.552

David

How David got anything done is a mystery!

Narrated Abdullah bin Amr:

Allah's Apostle said to me, "The most beloved fasting to Allah was the fasting of (the Prophet) David who used to fast on alternate days. And the most beloved prayer to Allah was the prayer of David who used to sleep for (the first) half of the night and pray for 1/3 of it and (again) sleep for a sixth of it."

Bukhari 55.631

It must have been difficult for King David due to his weaken state brought on by fasting half the time, his lack of sleep, his time spent at prayer, to work enough hours as a manual labourer to earn enough to feed himself, his seven wives and twenty-one children. 

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, "The reciting of the Zabur (i.e. Psalms) was made easy for David. He used to order that his riding animals be saddled, and would finish reciting the Zabur before they were saddled. And he would never eat except from the earnings of his manual work."

Bukhari 55.628

Eve's burden:

If it wasn’t for the Jews, we would have no need of refrigerators to keep meat from spoiling; and it is Eve's fault if women are cruelly stoned to death for adultery.

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, "Were it not for Bani (children of) Israel, meat would not decay; and were it not for Eve, no woman would ever betray her husband."

Bukhari 55.611

Jesus

Jesus was the next to last Prophet of Allah, Muhammad being the last. If all Prophets are paternal brothers, meaning they share the same father, then who is the daddy of them all?

Narrated Abu Huraira:

I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "I am the nearest of all the people to the son of Mary, and all the prophets are paternal brothers, and there has been no prophet between me and him (i.e. Jesus)."

Bukhari 55.651

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, "Jesus, seeing a man stealing, asked him, 'Did you steal?'

He said, 'No, by Allah, except Whom there is None who has the right to be worshipped'

Jesus said, 'I believe in Allah and suspect my eyes.'"

Bukhari 55.653

Almost like in the Bible, Jesus, during the End Times, will lead the forces of good, in this instance the Muslims, against those of evil, and you can guess who those will be.

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, surely (Jesus,) the son of Mary will soon descend amongst you and will judge mankind justly (as a Just Ruler); he will break the Cross and kill the pigs and there will be no Jizya (i.e. taxation taken from non Muslims). Money will be in abundance so that nobody will accept it, and a single prostration to Allah (in prayer) will be better than the whole world and whatever is in it."

Abu Huraira added "If you wish, you can recite (this verse of the Holy Book): 'And there is none Of the people of the Scriptures (Jews and Christians) But must believe in him (i.e. Jesus as an Apostle of Allah and a human being) Before his death. And on the Day of Judgment He will be a witness Against them.'(4:159)"

Bukhari 55.657

Jesus told his brethren to love their fellow Jews as they loved themselves. Over time this message has changed to be all-inclusive. It may be too much to hope that a comparable message of the Prophet will ever experience the same transformation into a message of universal love for one another.

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, "None of you will have faith till he wishes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself."

Bukhari 2.12

Job

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, "While Job was naked, taking a bath, a swarm of gold locusts fell on him and he started collecting them in his garment. His Lord called him, 'O Job! Have I not made you rich enough to need what you see?'

He said, 'Yes, O Lord! But I cannot dispense with your Blessing."'

Bukhari 55.604

Joshua?

In the Bible, God is angry at the Israelites because after He has stopped the sun at Jericho so that they may complete the extermination of every man, woman and child in the city, one of them has disobeyed Joshua’s order that everything found in Jericho must be destroyed except “for all the silver and gold, and the articles of bronze and iron, [which] are dedicated to the Lord and must go into the Lord’s treasury.”

In the Bible, the culprit, at Joshua’s insistence, confesses and he and his family are put to death, and God is appeased.

The Koran is in agreement that a prophet, assumed to be Joshua, stopped the sun in its tracks and was victorious and that someone stole what God expected to be destroyed i.e. burnt. In the Koran, no one is put the death, and the theft causes Allah to have a change of heart about plunder, that it rightfully belongs to the believers for it can only make them stronger, and that is a good thing.

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, "A prophet amongst the prophets carried out a holy military expedition, so he said to his followers, 'Anyone who has married a woman and wants to consummate the marriage, and has not done so yet, should not accompany me; nor should a man who has built a house but has not completed its roof; nor a man who has sheep or she-camels and is waiting for the birth of their young ones.'

So, the prophet carried out the expedition and when he reached that town at the time or nearly at the time of the 'Asr prayer, he said to the sun, 'O sun! You are under Allah's Order and I am under Allah's Order O Allah! Stop it (i.e. the sun) from setting.'

It was stopped till Allah made him victorious. Then he collected the booty and the fire came to burn it, but it did not burn it. He said (to his men), 'Some of you have stolen something from the booty. So one man from every tribe should give me a pledge of allegiance by shaking hands with me.' (They did so and) the hand of a man got stuck over the hand of their prophet.

Then that prophet said (to the man), 'The theft has been committed by your people. So all the persons of your tribe should give me the pledge of allegiance by shaking hands with me.' The hands of two or three men got stuck over the hand of their prophet and he said, 'You have committed the theft.'

Then they brought a head of gold like the head of a cow and put it there, and the fire came and consumed the booty. The Prophet added: Then Allah saw our weakness and disability, so he made booty legal for us."

Bukhari 53.353

Moses

Of all the prophets from the Old Testament, Moses was Muhammad's favourite. God’s Messenger saw himself very much as the Arab Moses to the extent that he claimed him for the believers.

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

The Prophet came to Medina and saw the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura. He asked them about that. They replied, "This is a good day, the day on which Allah rescued Bani Israel from their enemy. So, Moses fasted this day."

The Prophet said, "We have more claim over Moses than you."

So, the Prophet fasted on that day and ordered (the Muslims) to fast (on that day).

Bukhari 31.222

Moses had curly hair, a brown complexion and rode a red camel.

Narrated Mujahid:

That when the people mentioned before Ibn Abbas that the Dajjal (false messiah) would have the word Kafir, (i.e. unbeliever) or the letters Kafir (the root of the Arabic verb 'disbelieve') written on his forehead.

I heard Ibn Abbas saying, "I did not hear this, but the Prophet said, 'If you want to see Abraham, then look at your companion (i.e. the Prophet) but Moses was a curly-haired, brown man (who used to ride) a red camel, the reins of which was made of fires of date-palms. As if I were now looking down a valley."

Bukhari 55.574

Moses was ostensibly a shy leader of men. The children of Israel suspected that this shyness, which was characterized by a reluctance to be seen naked, was that their leader had some kind of physical defect. This was until Allah found a way so bizarre to prove them wrong, that it should have made it into the Torah.

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Apostle said, "(The Prophet) Moses was a shy person and used to cover his body completely because of his extensive shyness.

One of the children of Israel hurt him by saying, 'He covers his body in this way only because of some defect in his skin, either leprosy or scrotal hernia, or he has some other defect.'

Allah wished to clear Moses of what they said about him, so one day while Moses was in seclusion, he took off his clothes and put them on a stone and started taking a bath. When he had finished the bath, he moved towards his clothes so as to take them, but the stone took his clothes and fled; Moses picked up his stick and ran after the stone saying, 'O stone! Give me my garment!' Till he reached a group of Bani (Children of) Israel who saw him naked then, and found him the best of what Allah had created, and Allah cleared him of what they had accused him of.

The stone stopped there and Moses took and put his garment on and started hitting the stone with his stick.

By Allah, the stone still has some traces of the hitting, three, four or five marks. This was what Allah refers to in His Saying: 'O you who believe! Be you not like those Who annoyed Moses, But Allah proved his innocence of that which they alleged, And he was honorable In Allah's Sight.' (33:69)"

Bukhari 55.616

Often when the Prophet was annoyed at his followers questioning the way he did things, such as his distribution of the booty, he would remind himself of what they did to Moses and take comfort in that.

Narrated Abdullah:

Once the Prophet distributed something (among his followers. A man said, "This distribution has not been done (with justice) seeking Allah's Countenance."

I went to the Prophet and told him (of that).

He became so angry that I saw the signs of anger on his face. Then he said, "May Allah bestow His Mercy on Moses, for he was harmed more (in a worse manner) than this; yet he endured patiently."

Bukhari 55.617

Where you will find Moses on Judgement Day:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Two persons, a Muslim and a Jew, quarreled. The Muslim said, "By Him Who gave Muhammad superiority over all the people!"

The Jew said, "By Him Who gave Moses superiority over all the people!"

At that the Muslim raised his hand and slapped the Jew on the face.

The Jew went to the Prophet and informed him of what had happened between him and the Muslim. The Prophet sent for the Muslim and asked him about it. The Muslim informed him of the event.

The Prophet said, "Do not give me superiority over Moses, for on the Day of Resurrection all the people will fall unconscious and I will be one of them, but I will be the first to gain consciousness, and will see Moses standing and holding the side of the Throne (of Allah). I will not know whether (Moses) has also fallen unconscious and got up before me, or Allah has exempted him from that stroke."

Bukhari 41.594

Where Moses is buried:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Angel of Death was sent to Moses when he came to Moses, Moses slapped him on the eye. The angel returned to his Lord and said, "You have sent me to a slave who does not want to die."

Allah said, "Return to him and tell him to put his hand on the back of an ox and for every hair that will come under it, he will be granted one year of life."

Moses said, "O Lord! What will happen after that?"

Allah replied, "Then death."

Moses said, "Let it come now."

Moses then requested Allah to let him die close to the Sacred Land so much so that he would be at a distance of a stone's throw from it.

Abu Huraira added, "Allah's Apostle said, 'If I were there, I would show you his grave below the red sand hill on the side of the road.'"

Bukhari 55.619

Moses and Adam Together

The Prophet did not shy away from telling the same story over and over, with slight variations in each retelling. The same narrator is a good indication that the same story was told on different occasions. On at least three occasions Abu Huraira must have heard God’s Messenger tell the same tale of how Adam and Moses settled a disagreement as to whom is most responsible for mankind’s miserable existence.

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Apostle said, "Adam and Moses argued with each other. Moses said to Adam. 'You are Adam whose mistake expelled you from Paradise.'

Adam said to him, 'You are Moses whom Allah selected as His Messenger and as the one to whom He spoke directly; yet you blame me for a thing which had already been written in my fate before my creation?"'

Allah's Apostle said twice, "So, Adam overpowered Moses."

Bukhari 55.621

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, "Moses argued with Adam and said to him (Adam), 'You are the one who got the people out of Paradise by your sin, and thus made them miserable.'

Adam replied, 'O Moses! You are the one whom Allah selected for His Message and for His direct talk. Yet you blame me for a thing which Allah had ordained for me before He created me.'"

Allah's Apostle further said, "So Adam overcame Moses by this Argument."

Bukhari 60.262

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, "Adam and Moses argued with each other. Moses said to Adam. 'O Adam! You are our father who disappointed us and turned us out of Paradise.'

Then Adam said to him, 'O Moses! Allah favored you with His talk (talked to you directly) and He wrote (the Torah) for you with His Own Hand. Do you blame me for action which Allah had written in my fate forty years before my creation?'

So Adam confuted Moses, Adam confuted Moses."

The Prophet added, repeating the Statement three times.

Bukhari 77.611

Noah

Muhammad will vouch for Noah on Judgement Day.

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

Allah's Apostle said, "Noah will be brought (before Allah) on the Day of Resurrection, and will be asked, 'Did you convey the message of Allah?'

He will reply, 'Yes, O Lord.'

And then Noah's nation will be asked, 'Did he (Noah) convey Allah's message to you?'

They will reply, 'No warner came to us.'

Then Noah will be asked, 'Who are your witnesses?'

He will reply. '(My witnesses are) Muhammad and his followers.'

Thereupon you (Muslims) will be brought and you will bear witness."

Then the Prophet recited: "And thus We have made of you (Muslims) a just and the best nation, that you might be witness over the nations, and the Apostle a witness over you." (2:143)

Bukhari 92.448

Noah, like every other Prophet before and after him, including the Prophet Muhammad, warned his people about the one-eyed false messiah.

Narrated Ibn Umar:

Once Allah's Apostle stood amongst the people, glorified and praised Allah as He deserved and then mentioned the Dajjal saying, "l warn you against him (i.e. the Dajjal) and there was no prophet but warned his nation against him. No doubt, Noah warned his nation against him but I tell you about him something of which no prophet told his nation before me. You should know that he is one-eyed, and Allah is not one-eyed."

Bukhari 55.553

Solomon

In the Bible, Solomon rules between two women who both claim to be the mother of a child. In the Bible one of the women accidently smothered her infant son. In the Prophet's account, the child was taken by a wolf.

Before the women go see Solomon, they first drop in on David who rules the child belongs to the wrong women, necessitating an appeal to Solomon who gets it right.

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Apostle said, "My example and the example of the people is like that of a person who lit a fire and let the moths, butterflies and these insects fall in it."

He also said, "There were two women, each of whom had a child with her. A wolf came and took away the child of one of them, whereupon the other said, 'It has taken your child.'

The first said, 'But it has taken your child.'

So they both carried the case before David who judged that the living child be given to the elder lady.

So both of them went to Solomon and David informed him (of the case).

He said, 'Bring me a knife so as to cut the child into two pieces and distribute it between them.'

The younger lady said, 'May Allah be merciful to you! Don't do that, for it is her (i.e. the other lady's) child.' So he gave the child to the younger lady."

Bukhari 55.637

The night Solomon had sex with perhaps one hundred women:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Apostle said, "Once Solomon, son of David said, '(By Allah) Tonight I will have sexual intercourse with one hundred (or ninety-nine) women each of whom will give birth to a knight who will fight in Allah's Cause.'

On that a (i.e. if Allah wills) but he did not say, 'Allah willing.' Therefore only one of those women conceived and gave birth to a half-man.

By Him in Whose Hands Muhammad's life is, if he had said, "Allah willing', (he would have begotten sons) all of whom would have been knights striving in Allah's Cause."

Bukhari 52.74

More hadiths about biblical figures who made it into the Koran can be found in the section Judgement Day.