Boreal

Shared Prophets

Jews, Christians and Muslims

Can We Be Friends?

"Allah has warned us in the Koran, do not befriend the kuffar (a derogatory term for unbelievers), do not align yourself with the kuffar; the verses are so many and so numerous I can’t recite every one of them."

From an exhortation made to students from a British madrassa by Abu Yusuf Riyadh-ul-Haq, an Islamic scholar based in the United Kingdom, not to associate with Christians and Jews.

BBC documentary, British Schools, Islamic Rules

We were made to love each other, the proof is in the many believers who take Jews and Christians as friends in spite of a god who tells them that they must not, lest they be corrupted and join their friends in Hell.

Don't be depressed by the following sample of revelations where Allah's deep-seated animosity towards the unbelievers, Christians and Jews mostly, cannot be denied; for what cannot be denied is that we love each other no matter what, it is what comes naturally even if gods would have us believe otherwise, and in that there is hope.

3:186 You shall be tried in your possessions and yourselves, and shall hear from those who received the Book before you (the Jews and the Christians) and from the idolaters, a lot of abuse; but if you forebear and guard against evil, that indeed is a mark of great determination.

3:187 And when Allah made a covenant with those who were given the Book: “You shall reveal it to mankind and not conceal it”, they simply cast it behind their backs, and sold it for a small price (rejecting God’s directives, Moududi). Evil then is their deal.

3:188 Do not think those who are pleased with what they have done and loved to be praised for what they have not done, immune from punishment; a painful punishment is in store for them.

3:189 And to Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and Allah has power over everything!

2:212 Life in this world has been made alluring for those who disbelieve. They mock those who believe; but those who fear Allah will be above them on the Day of Resurrection. Allah provides for those whom He wills without measure.

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8:73 As to the unbelievers, they are friends of one another. If you do not do this (subdue the unbelievers), there will be great sedition and corruption in the land.

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45:19 They will avail you nothing against Allah; and indeed the wrongdoers are friends of each other, but Allah is the friend of the God-fearing.

Allah does not associate with unbelievers, they are evil, good only as fuel for His Hell, kindling for His Fire? Unbelievers are people who cavort with devils. Allah doesn’t associate with unbelievers, and, if you are a believer, unless it is absolutely necessary, He expects you to do the same, unless you want to join them in Hell.

3:28 Let not the believers take the unbelievers for friends, rather than the believers. Whoever does that has nothing to do with Allah, unless you guard against them fully! Allah warns you to beware of Him (warns you of His anger); and unto Him is the ultimate return!

If you did not get the message the first time you are reminded again.

3:118 O believers, do not take as close friends other than your own people (other than your co-religionists); they will spare no effort to corrupt you and wish to see you suffer. Hatred has already been manifest in what they utter, but what their hearts conceal is greater still. We have made clear Our Signs to you if only you understand.

3:119 There you are, you love them, but they do not love you, and you believe in the entire book (all Scriptures). When they meet you, they say: “We believe”, but when they are alone they bite their fingertips with rage. Say: “Die of your fury. Allah knows what is hidden in the hearts!”

3:120 If you are visited by some good fortune, it vexes them; and if you are visited by some misfortune, they rejoice at it; but if you forbear and fear Allah, their wiles will not hurt you at all. Allah knows fully what they do!

And again:

4:144 O believers, do not take the unbelievers for friends, instead of the believers. Do you wish to give Allah a clear proof against you?

And again, with a specific warning about associating with Christians and Jews:

5:51 O believers, do not take the Jews and the Christians as friends; some of them are friends of each other. Whoever of you takes them as friends is surely one of them. Allah indeed does not guide the wrongdoers.

Those “in whose hearts is a sickness” who ignore this warning will live to regret it and Hell, the final destination for “losers” will be waiting.

5:52 Yet, you will see those in whose hearts is a sickness hastening to woo them, saying: “We fear that a misfortune will befall us.” However, it may be that Allah will bring victory or some other matter from Him; whereupon they will regret what they concealed within themselves.

5:53 And the believers will then say: “Are those the ones who swore by Allah their most solemn oaths that they were indeed with you?” Their works will come to nothing and thus they will be losers. 

Once more, with a specific warning about associating with family members who don’t believe, even if it means losing money – and don’t pray for their salvation.

9:23 O believers, do not take your fathers and brothers as friends, if they prefer disbelief to belief. Those who take them as friends are the wrongdoers.

9:24 Say: “If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your spouses, your relatives, the wealth you have gained, a trade you fear might slacken, and dwellings you love are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger or than fighting in His way, then wait until Allah fulfils His Decree. Allah does not guide the sinful people.

If a believer associates with unbelievers, Allah will question his or her motivation, imputing to the believer a desire for the glory that rightly and only belongs to Him.

4:139 Those who take the unbelievers as friends, instead of the believers – do they seek glory from them? For all glory belongs to Allah.

A believer is not expected to participate in a conversation where the Koran is not taken seriously and accepted as being the literal word of God. To take part in such a discussion is risking being labelled a hypocrite by Allah.

6:68 And when you see those who talk scornfully about Our Revelations, turn away from them, until they engage in another discourse. And should the devil cause you to forget, do not sit down after the reminder with the evil-doing-people.

6:69 The righteous are in no way accountable for them; it is only a reminder so that they may fear [Allah].

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4:140 He has revealed to you in the Book that, should you hear the Revelations of Allah being denied or mocked, you should not sit with them until they engage in some other discussion. Otherwise, you are like them. Allah shall assemble all the hypocrites and the unbelievers in Hell;

Hypocrites cannot expect any mercy from Allah and will be confined to the lowest most miserable part of His Hell.

4:145 Surely, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire, and you will not find any supporter for them.

4:146 Except for those who repent and mend their ways, hold fast to Allah and are sincere in their obedience to Allah – those will be among the believers; and Allah shall grant the believers a great reward.

4:147 Why should Allah punish you, if you are thankful and faithful? Allah Himself is Thankful, All-Knowing.

If you must leave a discussion do so gracefully, if haughtily, while reminding those who don’t share your beliefs that they are oblivious.

28:55 And when they hear idle talk, they turn away from it and say: “We have our works and you have your works. Peace be upon you; we do not desire the company of the ignorant.”

A religion is a solemn thing; don’t associate with religious people who have fun worshipping God and enjoy life.

6:70 And leave those who take their religion for sport and who are deluded by the life of this world, and remind by it (the Qur’an), lest any soul should perish of what it has earned (on account of the person’s deeds). Apart from Allah, it has no protector or intercessor; and if it offers any ransom, it will not be accepted from it. Such are those who are turned over [to be punished] on account of what they have earned. They will have a drink of boiling water and a very painful punishment, because they disbelieved. 

A believer must not take as a friend anyone who would deny or make fun of what Allah has revealed in the Koran whether they are Christians or Jews (People of the Book) or your run-of-the-mill unbeliever. If they do so, they will join their friend in Hell.

5:57 O believers, do not take as friends those who take your religion as a mockery or a sport, be they from among those who received the Book before you, or the unbelievers. Fear Allah if you are true believers.

People of the Book as transgressors.

5:59 Say: “O People of the Book, do you resent anything we do other than that we believe in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what was revealed before, and that most of you are transgressors?”

Unbelievers are not welcomed into Allah’s Mosques.

9:17 The unbelievers should not enter Allah’s Mosques bearing witness thereby against themselves that they are unbelievers. The works of those are vain and in the Fire they will abide forever.

9:18 Only he who believes in Allah and the Hereafter, performs the prayers, gives the alms and fears no one but Allah, shall visit Allah’s Mosques. Those shall be reckoned among the rightly guided.

Believers are not expected to take orders from unbelievers, nor tend to their injuries.

33:45 O Prophet, We have sent you as witness, a bearer of good news and a warner,

33:46 Calling to Allah by His Leave, and an illuminating beacon.

33:47 Announce to the believers that they will have a generous bounty from Allah.

33:48 And do not obey the unbelievers and the hypocrites, overlook their injury and trust in Allah. For Allah suffices as Guardian.

Another verse about not being friends with certain people, namely, all the people previously mentioned.

60:13 O believers, do not befriend a people against whom Allah is wrathful and who have despaired of the Hereafter, just as the unbelievers have despaired of the dwellers of the tombs (those buried in graves, Yusuf Ali).

For Allah, a believer has no friends except His Eminence, His Eminence’s Messenger and those who bow down before His Eminence.

5:55 Your only friends are Allah, His Messenger and those who believe, performing the prayer and giving the alms, while they bow down.

5:56 Whoever takes Allah, His Messenger and those who believe as friends [must know] that Allah’s party is indeed triumphant.

A Muslim who befriends Christians or Jews is an evildoer, revelation 5:79.

5:77 Say: “O People of the Book, do not exceed the bound of your religion unjustly and do not follow the fancies of a people (your ancestors) who went astray in the past and led others astray and strayed from the Right Path.”

5:78 Those of the Children of Israel who disbelieved were cursed by David and Jesus, son of Mary; that, on account of their disobedience and their aggression.

5:79 They used not to forbid one another from committing any of the evils they were committing. Evil is what they did!

5:80 You (the Prophet): see many of them befriending the unbelievers. Evil is what their soul prompts them to do. They have incurred Allah’s Wrath and they will suffer torment forever.

5:81 Had they believed in Allah and the Prophet, and what has been revealed to him, they would not have taken them as friends; but many of them are evildoers.

Allah is okay with People of the Book i.e. Jews and Christians believing in their respective Torah and the Gospels, after all, He is the acclaimed author of both plebeian antecedents to His Masterpiece, the Koran; but it is normally not enough not to be considered evildoers.

5:65 Had the People of the Book believed and warded off evil, We would have remitted their sins and admitted them into the Gardens of Bliss.

5:66 And had they observed the Torah and the Gospel and what was revealed to them from their Lord, they would have eaten amply from above them and below their feet. Among them is a moderate group, but evil is what many of them are doing!


Moududi:

In the Old Testament, Leviticus (chapter 26) and Deuteronomy (chapter 28) record a sermon of Moses in which he impresses upon Israel, in great detail, the bounties and blessings of God with which they would be endowed if they obeyed His commandments, and the afflictions, scourges and devastations that would descend upon them if they disobeyed Him and rejected the Book of God. That sermon of Moses is the best explanation of this verse of the Qur'an.


Allah must have really been fond of His greatest Messenger to admit that He would still have protected him even if he failed to deliver His Message.

5:67 O Messenger, proclaim what has been revealed to you from your Lord; but if you do not, you would not have delivered His Message. Allah will protect you from mankind. Allah surely does not guide the unbelieving people!

It is not enough to believe in the Torah and the Gospel, you must believe in the Koran, “what has been revealed to you from your Lord, revelation 5:68. Unfortunately for the Prophet, the more he revealed of Allah’s Koran the more some people disbelieved. He need not concern himself with them, as Allah will remind him here, and on other occasions.

5:68 Say: “O People of the Book, you have nothing [that counts] until you observe the Torah and the Gospel and what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” Surely that which has been revealed to you (the Prophet) from your Lord will only make many of them increase in arrogance and unbelief; so do not be sorry for the unbelieving people.

A verse out of nowhere, it would seem, which appears to contradict the evildoer designation of most Jews and Christians encountered in revelation 5:66.

5:69 Surely, the believers, the Jews, the Sabians and the Christians whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does good deeds shall all have nothing to fear and they shall not grieve.

A universal declaration this is not. Exceptions, in the Koran, are the rule. Only two verses after this resounding declaration Allah has Jesus repeat the following exception; that those who believe that he (Jesus) is the Son of God are “evildoers” and that their “dwelling is Hell.”

5:72 Those who say that Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary, are unbelievers. The Messiah said: “O Children of Israel, worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. Surely, he who associates other gods with Allah, Allah forbids him access to Paradise and his dwelling is Hell. The evildoers have no supporters!”

The two intermediary revelations:

5:70 We made the covenant with the Children of Israel and sent forth Messengers to them. Whenever a Messenger brought them what they did not like, they accused some of lying and killed some.

5:71 They supposed that there will be no punishment, so they became blind and deaf. Then Allah forgave them; but again many of them became blind and deaf. Allah is fully aware of what they do!

In Allah’s history of the Jews and Christians, there was a time …

57:16 Is it is not time that the believers’ hearts should bow down at the mention of Allah and the truth which was sent down, and not to be like those who were given the Book previously, but as time went by, their hearts hardened, and many of them are sinners now?


There is a type of unbelievers whom Allah considers believer-appropriate as friends, but how you identify them could be problematic based on Allah’s description of who they are; and you really would not want to make a mistake and end up in Hell.

3:199 Of the People of the Book, there are some who indeed believe in Allah and in what has been revealed to you (the Qur’an) or has been revealed to them, humbling themselves before Allah and not selling Allah’s revelation for a small price. Those will have their reward with their Lord; indeed Allah’s Reckoning is Swift.

Be afraid, be very afraid.

3:200 O believers, forebear and vie in forbearance and steadfastness; and fear Allah so that you may prosper.