Getting to Know Allah
An illiterate's fascination with books and the written word is evident in much of what Allah reveals in His Koran; another, is a desert dweller's captivation with gardens and the precipitation which makes them bloom.
The references to earthly gardens are not nearly as frequent as those to Paradise – oases, by any other name, which do not require rain with rivers running beneath, a necessary component for the earthly variety.
So rare and so welcomed by the desert dwellers of the Prophet's time that rain was thought to be the spit angels.
Spit or not, Allah never tires of reminding the sun-drenched inhabitants of the Hijaz (the so-called holy land of Islam. The area comprises most of the western part of modern-day Saudi Arabia and is centered on Mecca and Medina) who were the first to benefit from His transmitted wisdom, that He is the Rainmaker and therefore responsible for everything good that comes from the water He sends down from "the sky"
A short illustrative selection:
2:266 Does any one of you wish to have a garden of palms and vines, under which rivers flow and from which he gets all kinds of fruit; and when he gets old and has weak offspring a whirlwind with fire hits the garden and burns it down? Thus Allah makes clear to you His Revelations so that you may reflect.
6:99 And it is He who sends down water from the sky. With it We bring forth all kinds of vegetation. From it We bring forth greenery, and clustered grains; and from the date-palm shoots come clusters of dates within reach. And [We bring forth] gardens of grapes, olives and pomegranates alike and unlike. Behold their fruits, when they bear fruit and their ripening, surely there are signs in that for a people who believe.
6:141 It is He who created gardens, trellised and untrellised (sic); palms and crops of diverse produce; and olives and pomegranates, both like and unlike. Eat of their fruits when they bear fruit, and pay their due on the day of harvesting them. And do not be prodigal; [for] He does not like the prodigals.
7:57 It is He Who sends forth the winds bearing good news of His Mercy; so that when they bear heavy clouds, We drive them towards some dead land upon which We send down water. With it We bring forth every variety of fruit. Thus We bring out the dead, so that you may take heed.
7:58 Good land produces vegetation by the Will of its Lord; but that which has gone bad will not produce vegetation except with difficulty. Thus We make plain the revelations to a people who give thanks.
13:4 And in the earth are plots adjoining each other and gardens of vines, tillage and palm trees, from one or different roots, which are irrigated by the same water; yet, We prefer some of them over the others in produce. Surely in that are signs for a people who understand.
14:32 [It is Allah] Who created the heavens and the earth and sends down water from the sky, bringing forth fruits for sustenance. He has made the ships subservient to you so as to sail in the sea at His Behest and He has subjected to you the rivers.
16:65 It is Allah who sends down water from the sky reviving thereby the earth after its death. Surely, there is in that a sign to a people who listen.
24:42 To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and unto Allah is the ultimate return.
24:43 Have you not seen that Allah drives the cloud, then brings them together, then piles them into a heap, from which you see rain coming. He brings mountains of hail from the sky, with which He smites whomever He pleases and diverts it from whomever He pleases. The gleam of its lighting almost blinds the eyes.
30:48 It is Allah Who sends forth the winds, which stir up the clouds. Then He spreads them out in the sky, as He pleases, and causes them to breakup into pieces; and you see the rain issuing from their midst. Then, when He allows the rain to reach whomever He wishes of His servants, behold, they rejoice.
30:49 Whereas they were, before that, despondent.
30:50 Behold, then, the marks of Allah’s Mercy, how He revives the earth after it was dead. He, indeed, is the One Who revives the dead and He has power over everything.
35:9 It is Allah Who looses (sic) the wind, so as to stir up clouds; then We drive them towards a dead land, reviving the earth therewith after it was dead. Such is the Resurrection!
36:33 A sign unto them is the dead land, that We revived and brought out of it grain, from which they eat.
36:34 And We caused to grow in it gardens of palms and vines, and caused springs to gush forth therewith.
36:35 That they might eat from its fruit, although their hands brought it not out. Will they not, then, give thanks?
39:21 Have you not seen that Allah has sent down water from heaven, then treaded it as springs in the ground. Then He brings out vegetation of various hues through it. Then it withers, and you see it looking yellow; then He turns it into scraps. In that, there surely is a Reminder to people of understanding.
41:39 And of His Signs is that you see the earth desolate but when We send down water upon it, it quivers and swells. Indeed, He who revived it shall revive the dead. Truly He has power over everything.
42:28 It is He Who sends the rain down, after they have despaired, and spreads out His Mercy. He is the Protector, the Praiseworthy.
THE KNEELING ONE
In the Name of Allah,
the Compassionate, the Merciful
45:1 Ha - Mim.
45:2 This is the revelation of the Book from Allah, the All-Mighty, All-Wise.
45:3 Surely, in the heavens and the earth there are signs for the believers.
45:4 And in your creation and the beasts scattered abroad, there are signs for people who are of certain faith.
45:5 And in the alternation of the night and the day and in what Allah has sent down from heaven as provision (water), reviving thereby the earth after it was dead and in the disposition of the wind – there are signs for people who understand.
45:6 Those are the Signs of Allah which We recite to you in truth. In what discourse other than Allah’s and His Signs, then, will they believe?
45:12 It is Allah who subjected the sea to you, so that ships might sail in at His Command, and that you might seek some of His Bounty, and that perchance you might give thanks.
45:13 And He subjected to you what is in the heavens and the earth all together [as a grace] from Him. There are in that signs for a people who reflect.
50:7 And the earth We have spread out and set in it immovable mountains; and We cause to grow in it every delightful variety;
50:8 As a guidance and reminder to every penitent servant.
50:9 And We brought down from heaven blessed water and caused thereby gardens to grow and harvest grain;
50:10 And tall palm trees with clusters well-knit,
50:11 As provision for the servants; and We have revived thereby a dead town. Thus will the Resurrection be.
57:17 Know that Allah revives the earth after it is dead. We have expounded the Signs clearly for you, that perchance you might understand.
78:14 And brought down from the rain-clouds abundant water?
78:15 To bring forth thereby grain and vegetation?
78:16 And luxurious gardens?
80:24 Let man consider his nourishment.
80:25 We have poured the water abundantly;
80:26 Then, We split the earth wide open;
80:27 Then caused the grain to grow therein,
80:28 Together with vines and green vegetation;
80:29 And olives and palm trees;
80:30 And gardens with dense trees,
80:31 And fruits and grass,
80:32 For your enjoyment and that of your cattle.
THE MOST HIGH
In the Name of Allah,
the Compassionate, the Merciful
87:1 Glorify the name of your Lord, the Most High;
87:2 Who created and fashioned well;
87:3 And Who fore-ordained and guided rightly;
87:4 And Who brought out the pasture;
87:5 Then turned it into greenish-black straw.
Today we know that most of the precipitation that falls from the sky comes from the surface evaporation of the oceans. Evaporation followed by condensation tends to create a clear, tasteless H2O. Changing the water cycle so as to make rainwater bitter, as Allah threatens to do in revelation 56:70, would have presented some serious challenges unless the water supply is up there with You and You are its custodian*.
56:68 Or have you seen the water that you drink?
56:69 Have you brought it down from the clouds or did We sent it down?
56:70 Had We wished, We would have made it bitter; if only you would give thanks.
* A revelation quoted elsewhere:
23:18 And We send down water from heaven in measure, then lodge it in the ground, although we are Able to allow it to drain away.