Jesus and Allah
The Prophet Jesus
In the Name of Allah,
the Compassionate, the Merciful
112:2 “Allah, the Everlasting.
112:3 “He did not beget and is not begotten,
112:4 “And none is His equal.”
2:116 And they say: “Allah has begotten a son.” Glory be to Him. His is everything in the heavens and the earth; all are obedient to Him.
2:117 Creator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a thing, He only says to it: “Be,” and there it is.
The entire concept of the Koran is based on a simple premise: God had gotten fed up with sending his messages on how we should live and how He should be worshipped via prophets who did not communicate His message accurately or were misunderstood by a less than receptive audience. God’s patience had run out. He would send one last messenger, his greatest messenger, with his final instructions for mankind: the Koran. Anyone who did not heed the instructions of this ultimate and unsurpassed messenger was doomed to an eternity in Hell.
There was only one problem with this latest divine plan for getting humanity to behave: Jesus.
If God had already come down to earth to deliver his message personally in the person of Jesus, then sending another messenger with a final message from God made no sense. If Muhammad’s claim to be the last and greatest messenger of God was to have any credibility, the Christian claim that Jesus was the Son of God had to be discredited.
There was also a positive side to Jesus’ status. His reputation could also be used to enhance the reputation of an aspiring prophet like the Prophet Muhammad. Jesus of Nazareth before the advent of Islam and during the time of the Prophet Muhammad was a much revered figure, even among the pagan tribes of the Arabian Peninsula. It was said that the Prophet’s grand-father, Abd al-Muttalib, had prayed to the Christian god to grant him sons, something his pagan gods had proven incapable of doing.
In many verses Allah will praise the Prophet Jesus as a worthy pre-cursor to his greatest prophet. Muslims believe that the “Comforter” promised in the Gospel of St John, chapter 16, verse 7 is the Prophet Muhammad, not Jesus:
“Nevertheless I tell you the truth; it is expedient for me that I go away; for if I go not away; the Comforter will not come onto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.”
John the Baptist had announced the coming of Jesus; Jesus would announce the coming of the Prophet Muhammad, and who says otherwise is a wrongdoer who wishes to extinguish Allah’s Lights.
61:6 And when Jesus, son of Mary, said: “O Children of Israel, I am Allah’s Messenger to you, confirming what came before me of the Torah, and announcing the news of a Messenger who will come after me, whose name is Ahmad.” Then when he (Ahmad i.e. Mohammad) brought them the clear proofs, they said: “This is manifest sorcery.”
61:7 And who is a greater wrongdoer than he who imputes falsehoods to Allah, when he is summoned to submission (to Allah)? Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people.
61:8 They wish to extinguish Allah’s Lights with their mouths, but Allah will perfect His Light, even though the unbelievers might be averse.
Jesus would even get his disciples to pledge their allegiance to Allah after explaining his mission to them.
3:50 “I have come to confirm what came before me of the Torah and make lawful to you some of the things that were forbidden to you. I have come to you with a sign from your Lord; so fear Allah and obey me.”
3:51 “Allah is indeed your Lord and my Lord; so worship Him. This is the straight path!”
3:52 When Jesus sensed their disbelief, he said: “Who are my supporters in Allah’s Way?” the disciples said: “We are Allah’s supporters; we believe in Allah, so bear witness that we submit.”
3:53 “Lord, we believe in what You have revealed, and we have followed the Messenger; write us down with those who bear witness.”
61:13 And another thing you (Muhammad) love: support from Allah and an imminent victory. So announce the good news to the believers.
61:14 O believers, be supporters of Allah, as Jesus son of Mary, said to his disciples: "Who are my supporters unto Allah?" The disciples replied: "We are Allah's supporters"; and so a group of the Children of Israel believed, while another group disbelieved. Then, We supported those who believed against their foe; and so they were triumphant.
This negative/positive side to Jesus may explain the apparent schizophrenic nature of many of the verses concerning his person. Unlike when He is praising Jesus the Prophet, whenever Jesus as the Son of God is mentioned in any verse you can almost feel Allah’s rage; for example in a revelation as to why He sent the Koran.
18:4 And to warn those who say: “Allah has taken a son.”
18:5 They have no knowledge thereof, nor do their fathers. What a dreadful word that comes out of their mouths! They only utter a lie.
18:6 You may destroy yourself with grief, sorrowing after them (following after them in their wake), if they do not believe in this revelation.
An even more vehement denunciation can be found at the end of surah 19, the surah ostensibly dedicated to Mary and which documents most of the events surrounding Jesus’ birth. In these verses Allah is shocked and all His creation appalled by the claim that Jesus is not His servant like everyone else and like everyone else will appear before Him by himself, on Judgment Day.
19:88 And they say: “The Compassionate has taken Himself a son.”
19:89 You have, indeed, made a shocking assertion,
19:90 From which the heavens are almost rent asunder, the earth is split and the mountain fall to pieces.
19:91 For they ascribe a son to the Compassionate.
19:92 Whereas, it is not fitting that the Compassionate should have a son.
19:93 Everyone in the heavens and on earth will surely come to the Compassionate as a servant.
19:94 He keeps count of them and has numbered them.
19:95 And every one of them will come to Him on the Day of Resurrection alone.
In the Name of Allah,
the Compassionate, the Merciful
42:1 Ha – Mim.
42:2 ‘Ain – Sin –Qaf (Two sets of symbols is unusual, no consensus on meaning).
42:3 Thus Allah, the Al-Mighty, the All-Wise reveals to you (Muhammad) and to those who preceded you.
42:4 To Him belongs what is in the heavens or on earth, and He is the All-High, the Great.
42:5 The heavens are almost rent asunder above them; while the angels proclaim the praise of their Lord and ask forgiveness for those on earth. Lo, Allah is truly the All-Forgiving, The Merciful!
42:6 Those who have taken other protectors, apart from Him, Allah oversees them and you are not their guardian.
If Allah Had Wanted a Son
Why Allah has no children, and what He would do if He decided to start a family:
6:101 [He is] the Creator of the heavens and the earth; how could He have a child when He has no consort, and has created everything and has knowledge of everything?
6:102 That is Allah, your Lord; there is no god but He, Creator of all things. Worship Him then; He is the Guardian of all things.
39:4 Had Allah wanted to take to Himself a child, He would have chosen from what He has created whomever He pleases. Glory be to Him; He is Allah, the One, the Conqueror.
There may have been confusion in the minds of some of the Arabs to whom the Prophet preached as to the nature of the Son of God, prompting Allah to assert that the angels are not His progeny either.
21:26 They say: “The Compassionate has taken to Himself a son.” Glory be to Him; they (the angels) are [merely] honoured servants.
21:27 They never speak until He has spoken; they only act on His Command.
21:28 He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they do not intercede except for him whom He approves; and they tremble for fear of Him.
If any angel, or Jesus for that matter, makes a claim to being a god, Hell will be his reward.
21:29 And whoever of them says: “I am a god besides Him” – that one We shall reward with Hell. That is how We reward the wrongdoers.
A Mere Servant
4:171 O People of the Book, do not exceed the bounds of your religion nor say about Allah except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, is only Allah’s Messenger and His Word, which he imparted to Mary, and is a spirit from Him! So believe in Allah and His Messengers and do not say “three” [gods]. Refrain; it is better for you. Allah is truly One God. How – Glory be to Him – could He have a son? To him belongs what is in the Heavens and on earth. Allah suffices as a Guardian!
4:172 The Messiah does not disdain to be a servant of Allah, nor do the angels nearest to Him. And those who disdain to worship Him, and are arrogant, He shall gather all unto himself!
4:173 But as for those who believe and do good deeds, He will give them their rewards in full and will increase them from His Bounty. And as for those who disdain and are arrogant, He will inflict on them a very painful punishment, and they will not find for themselves, apart from Allah, any friend or supporter.
4:174 O people, a proof from your Lord has come to you, and We sent down to you a clear light (the Qur’an).
4:175 As for those who believe in Allah and hold fast to Him, He will admit them into mercy and bounty from Him and guide them to Himself along a straight path.
43:57 And when the son of Mary was held up as an example, behold, your people turned away from him.
43:58 They said: "Are our deities better or he?” They only cited it to you disputatiously. Indeed, they are a contentious people.
43:59 He was merely a servant whom We favoured and set up as an example to the Children of Israel.
A mere servant who may have spoken out turn when he said the meek shall inherit the earth.
43:60 Had We wished, We would have made of you angels to be successors on earth.
43:61 And it is surely the knowledge of the Hour (Judgement Day); so do not doubt it and follow Me. This is a Straight Path.
43:62 And let not Satan bar you. He is, indeed, a manifest enemy of yours.
Another reference to Satan as the “manifest enemy”:
2:168 O people eat from the earth’s lawful and pleasant produce, and do not follow in Satan’s footsteps; for he is a manifest enemy of yours.
2:169 He commands you to do evil and indecency and to impute to Allah what you do not know.
43:63 When Jesus brought the clear proofs, he said: “I have come to you with the Wisdom and to make clear to you (the Jews) part of that whereon you are differing. So fear Allah and obey me.
43:64 "Allah is, indeed, my Lord and your Lord; so worship Him. This is a Straight Path.”
43:65 Then the factions among them fell apart*. Woe undo the wrongdoers, from the punishment of a painful Day.
43:66 Are they only waiting for the Hour to come upon them suddenly, while they are unaware.
* "That is, one group of the people denied him and in their antagonism went to the extent of accusing him of illegitimate birth and got him crucified as they thought; the other group believed in him but owing to exaggerated reverence made him son of God, and then the question of man's being God became such a riddle for it that every effort to resolve it caused it to be divided into countless sects." Moududi
Jesus Has No Power of Intercession
Jesus, and the Saints, and the Holly Spirit for that matter, cannot intercede with Allah, and those who say they can are perverted. This disclosure begins with Muhammad admitting that if Jesus was Allah’s son he would be the first to worship him.
43:81 Say (O Muhammad): “If the All-Compassionate has a child, I would be the first worshipper.”
43:82 Exalted be the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Lord of the Throne, above what they (Christians) describe.
43:83 So leave them to romp and frolic till they encounter their Day (Judgement Day) which they have been promised.
43:84 It is He Who in heaven is God, and on earth is God; and He is the All-Wise, the All-Knowing.
43:85 Blessed is He Who has the dominion of the heavens and the earth and what is between them, and Who has the knowledge of the Hour, and unto Him you shall be returned.
43:86 Those upon whom they call, apart from Him, do not have the power of intercession*, except he who bears witness to the Truth (the Revelations) knowingly.
This series of revelations ends with the Prophet, at Allah’s behest, mouthing a “petition” which proclaims that Christians are not believers, which Allah grants with the admonition "to turn away from them".
43:87 If you ask them: “Who creates them?”, They will say: “Allah.” Why, then, are they perverted?
43:88 And his (Muhammad’s) petition is: “Lord, these are surely a people who do not believe.”
43:89 So turn away from them, and say: “Peace.” For they will certainly come to know.
Was Created, Does Not Create
Jesus, is singled out in revelations about “gods who do not create anything”.
25:1 Blessed is He Who sent down the Criterion (a way to distinguish right from wrong i.e. the Koran) upon His servant (Muhammad), so as to be a warner for all mankind.
25:2 To whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and He has not taken to Himself a child, and has no associate in this dominion, and He created everything, preordaining it fully.
25:3 Yet they have taken, apart from Him, other gods who do not create anything, but are themselves created. They do not have the power to harm or profit themselves, nor the power over death, life or resurrection.
Allah did not provide these gods who don’t create with a copy of His Book.
35:40 Say: “Have you seen your associates upon whom you call, apart from Allah? Show me what they have created on earth? Do they have any share in the heavens, or have We given them a Book, so that they are in possession of a clear proof therein? In fact, the wrongdoers only promise each other vanity.”
Pleads for Mercy
No having a copy of Allah's Book could explain, from a believer's perspective, why Jesus so badly muddled Allah's Message, especially the one about loving your enemies. This is one reason why on Judgement Day, Jesus will be pleading for Mercy; another is guilt by association, his being revered as the son Allah never had.
There is no greater insult to the All-Compassionate and no greater sin than to claim that Allah has associates such as lesser gods who can intercede with Him on peoples' behalf, and that includes His alleged son to whom Christians pray.
17:56 Say (O Muhammad: “Call on those whom you claim to be His associates. They will not be able to lift adversity from you nor divert it.”
17:57 Those they call upon are themselves seeking means of access to their Lord, to show who is closer to Him. They hope for His Mercy and fear His Torment. Indeed, the Torment of Your Lord should be feared.
One cluttered 20th century translation makes it clear who is the associate who fears "Allah's Torment":
17:57 Those whom they call upon [like 'Îsa (jesus) - son of Maryam (Mary), 'Uzair (Ezra), angel] desire (for themselves) means of access to their Lord (Allah), as to which of them should be the nearest; and they ['Îsa (jesus), 'Uzair (Ezra), angels and others] hope for His Mercy and fear His Torment. Verily, the Torment of your Lord is (something) to be afraid of! Mohsin Khan
The "cluttered translation" is from an interpretation of the Koran sponsored by the Saudis, which one critic writes “reads like a supremacist Muslim, anti-Semitic, anti-Christian polemic”.