THE ISLAMIC HEREAFTER
Answering Your Questions about Judgement Day
Part 1 of 4
THE OVERWHELMING DAY
In the Name of Allah,
the Compassionate, the Merciful
88:2 Faces on that Day shall be downcast,
88:3 Labouring and toiling.
88:4 Roasting in a scorching fire;
88:5 Given to drink from a boiling spring.
88:6 They will have no nourishment except from poisonous cactus,
88:7 Which neither fattens nor appeases hunger.
88:8 Faces on that Day shall be blissful,
88:9 Well-pleased with their endeavour;
88:10 In a lofty Garden;
88:11 Wherein no idle talk is heard;
88:12 Wherein is a flowing spring;
88:13 Wherein are upraised couches;
88:14 And cups ranged around,
88:15 And cushion in rows; 88:16 And carpets spread out.
The Koran reveals details about Hell, Paradise and Judgement Day across various surahs, which makes writing about the Day a less than straightforward exercise. In The Overwhelming Day, for example, the first revelations should be a dead give-away, but they are not. By the 10th revelation, the reader is “[i]n a lofty garden,” i.e., Paradise, as if Judgement Day had come and gone. No matter! Judgement Day, for those who are still not comfortable with the language and violent imagery of the Koran, will appear like a descent into madness.
The only way I felt I could portray this insanity and the organizational nightmare that will be Judgement Day is via the following question-and-answer format where I try to anticipate questions a layperson might have about this most ominous of days, letting God answer, where possible, through His Revelations.
The writing style is not meant to be flippant or make light of a profoundly serious matter. Quite the opposite! It is intended to show Allah’s attention to detail, which the believers claim is proof of His existence as well as the existence of Heaven, Hell, and the coming of Judgement Day.
What is Judgement Day?
Judgement Day is the day when the living, the undead and everyone in heaven will be killed outright by the blast of a trumpet, then brought back to life to be judged and admitted into Paradise or cast into Hell.
39:68 And the Trumpet shall be blown, so that whoever is in the heavens and on earth shall be made to expire, save him whom Allah wishes. Then it shall be blown another time, and behold, they shall arise, looking out.
39:69 And the earth shall shine with the light of its Lord and the Book shall be laid down. Then the Prophets and the witnesses shall be brought forward and judgement shall be passed justly between them, and they shall not be wronged.
39:70 Every soul shall be paid in full for what it has done, and He knows best what they do.
That has to be an impossible number of people and whatnot?
If you believe that Adam and Eve were the first humans, there will be an estimated 106 billion people to be judged. If you believe the human race began with the first modern homo sapiens about 200 thousand years ago, add another 80 billion or so.
Why a Judgement Day?
Judgement Day is strictly for show.
What do you mean, Judgement Day is only for show?
Judgement Day is the second judgement, the first being the one discussed in Life in the Grave where the quality of lodgings is dependent on whether the final destination is Heaven or Hell.
I get the picture. So if Judgement Day is only for show, who is the show for?
Judgement Day will provide Allah with one last opportunity to humiliate the unbelievers: to gloat and sneer at them for not believing; to publicly enjoy their terror when they realise the situation is hopeless and they will be spending an eternity in agony. Judgement Day also gives the believers their own opportunity to laugh at the unbelievers, to mock them as the Compassionate’s angels drag them kicking and screaming into His Fire.
Doesn’t Allah claim to be a compassionate god?
For Allah, compassion means allowing you to believe in Him, to worship Him and only Him. If you do not do that in the here-and-now, you will have no redeeming value in His eyes and He will exact a terrible vengeance as only the “the All-Forgiving… Doer of what He wills” can deliver.
85:10 Surely, those who have tempted the believers, men and women, then did not repent, will suffer the punishment of Hell; and theirs is the punishment of burning.
85:11 Surely, those who have believed and done the righteous deeds shall have Gardens beneath which rivers flow. That is the great triumph.
85:12 The vengeance of your Lord is surely terrible.
85:13 It is He Who originates and brings back;
85:14 And He is the All-Forgiving, the All-Friendly;
85:15 Lord of the glorious Throne;
85:16 Doer of what He wills.
When will it start?
No one knows. Allah did not even confide the date to His most trusted and greatest spokesperson, of which Muhammad reminds his audience on numerous occasions.
7:187 They ask you about the Hour, when it will strike. Say: “The knowledge thereof is with my Lord; none but He will disclose it at the right time. It will be fateful in the heavens and on earth, and will not come upon you except suddenly.” They ask you, as though you know about it. Say: “The knowledge thereof is with Allah, but most people do not know.”
33:63 People will ask you about the Hour. Say: “The knowledge thereof is with Allah.” And what do you know? The hour may be close at hand.
47:18 Do they, then, only expect that the Hour should come upon them suddenly? In fact, its signs have already come. How then, when it comes, will they regain their recollection? 47:19 So, know that there is no god but Allah, and ask forgiveness for your sins and for the believers, men and women. Allah knows your goings and comings, and your settling down.
79:42 They ask you about the Hour: “When shall it come?”
79:43 How far are you from remembering it?
79:44 Unto your Lord it will come to rest.
79:45 You are only a warner unto him who fears it.
79:46 They are, on the Day that they will see it, as though they only tarried an evening or a forenoon.
It all has to do with Allah keeping the unseen to Himself.
16:77 To Allah belongs the Unseen of the heavens and the earth. The coming of the Hour is only like the twinkling of an eye, or even nearer, Surely, Allah has power over everything.
72:25 Say: “I do not know whether what you are promised is near, or whether my Lord shall extend it for a period.
72:26 “Knower of the Unseen, He does not disclose His Unseen to anyone.”
So, there will be no warning before the Day?
Not necessarily. Muhammad said that when women outnumber men, the end will be near.
Narrated Abu Musa:
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "A time will come upon the people when a person will wander about with gold as Zakat and will not find anybody to accept it, and one man will be seen followed by forty women to be their guardian because of scarcity of men and great number of women."
Women will be responsible for bringing on the end of the world?
Women figure prominently as a doomsday omen, and to a lesser extent, young people in general.
I heard the Prophet saying, "In the last days (of the world) there will appear young people with foolish thoughts and ideas. They will give good talks, but they will go out of Islam as an arrow goes out of its game, their faith will not exceed their throats. So, wherever you find them, kill them, for there will be a reward for their killers on the Day of Resurrection."
Is the Koran more specific about the end of the world?
If you look up and the sky looks like Hell, with mountains bounding around like tumbleweeds in the wind—if they have not been transformed into heaps of sand—then chances are, big horrible things are about to happen.
70:8 On the Day when heaven will be like molten brass;
70:9 And the mountains like tufted wool.
73:14 On the Day when the earth and the mountains shall tremble, and the mountains shall turn into heaps of sand.
Is that it?
There’s more, lots more. In response to a question about the Day of Resurrection, here is what Allah had to say:
75:6 He asks: “When is the Day of Resurrection coming?”
75:7 Then, when the sight is dazzled;
75:8 And the moon is eclipsed;
75:9 And the sun and the moon are joined together;
75:10 Man will say on that Day; “Where is the escape?”
75:11 No, there shall be no escape.
The moon is around 92 million miles from the sun. In any event, wouldn’t the moon be burnt to a cinder before any merging could take place?
The leader of a well-known terrorist group Boko Haram, which literally means “non-Islamic education is a sin,” would argue that you have been brainwashed. In an interview on the BBC, he actually said that the Earth is flat because the Koran says so. In the Koran, the moon and the sun are about the same size and occupy the same orbit, and their race across the sky is what causes night and day. On Judgement Day, one will catch up with the other and merge, causing the grey gloominess of the Day—neither night nor day.
Okay, but why did you answer yes and no regarding the Koran being more specific about the signs that will indicate Judgement Day is imminent?
Because the scenario is not always the same across verses. For example, in the following revelations, the sun does not merge with the moon but is ‘coiled up’.
81:1 When the sun shall be coiled up;
81:2 And when the stars shall be scattered about (fall);
81:3 And when the mountains shall be set in motion;
81:4 And when the pregnant camels shall be discarded;
81:5 And when the beasts shall be corralled;
81:6 And when the seas shall rise mightily;
81:7 And when souls shall be paired off;
81:8 And when the buried infant shall be asked:
81:9 “For what sins was she killed?”
81:10 And when the scrolls shall be unrolled;
81:11 And when heaven shall be scraped off;
81:12 And when Hell shall be stoked;
81:13 And when Paradise shall be brought near;
81:14 Then each soul shall know what it had brought forth.
You're making that up.
Would God lie to you?
81:15 No I swear by the alternating stars;
81:16 Which circle then hide;
81:17 And the night when it recedes;
81:18 And the morning when it breaks,
81:19 It is truly the discourse of a noble Messenger (the Angel Gabriel who brought Allah’s revelations to the Prophet);
81:20 Who has power, with the Lord of the Throne, and is highly placed;
81:21 Obeyed, then trustworthy.
You have to be mad!
It's the truth, and if you can't trust the angel Gabriel, the one who told Muhammad what Allah had passed along, then who can you trust?
81:22 Your Companion (the Prophet Muhammad) is not mad;
81:23 He saw him (Gabriel) upon the luminous horizon.
I think I need a drink.
You won’t need a drink to get drunk on Judgement Day.
22:1 O people, fear your Lord. Surely the clamour of the Hour is a terrible thing.
22:2 The Day you will witness it, every suckling mother will be distracted from the child she is suckling, and every pregnant woman will deliver her burden, and you will see people drunk, whereas they are not drunk; but the punishment of Allah is terrible.
A lot of full-term and premature babies will be born on that day. What will happen to them?
They will be taken care of, of that I am sure; nothing is impossible for Allah.
What do you mean?
All babies may be born full-grown when Allah relieves camels and pregnant human females of their burdens.
THAT IS EVEN WORSE! How big do men think the birth canal can stretch?
Sorry, they will appear full-grown after birth. In two sayings of the Prophet, recorded by a scholar by the name of Tirmidhi, Muhammad said: “When a believer hopes for a child in Paradise, his gestation and his birth and his growth will be in one hour as he will wish” and that “in Paradise everyone will be 30 or 33 years old.” I am sure that for every believing mother whom Allah causes to abort, the father will wish—if the fetus is viable—that it become fully grown immediately, and Allah will be more than happy to oblige.
What will happen to the fetuses of unbelieving mothers when Allah causes them to lose their ‘burden’?
There is no mention of children burning in Hell, therefore I think it is safe to assume that the Great Miscarriage Inducer will allow the viable fetuses of unbelievers to become full-grown adults so that they may join their mothers in Hell.
How nice. How will the judging start?
It may begin with a beast coming out of the ground. This beast may or may not be God in disguise. On the cusp of Judgement Day, knowing full well the answer, the beast will ask a “throng” from each nation why they denied its Signs.
27:82 And when the Word (the Devine Decree) is fulfilled against them, We shall bring out of the earth for them a beast which shall address them thus: “Mankind has not believed with certainty in Our Signs.”
27:83 On the Day when we shall muster from each nation a throng of those who denied Our Signs; then they will be held in check.
27:84 Until they come forward and He says: “Have you denied My Signs, and did not comprehend them? Otherwise, what were you doing?”
How will they answer?
Knowing the answer, there was no point in giving “the throngs” the opportunity to respond.
27:85 And the Word shall come down upon them for their wrongdoing and so they will not speak.
The “beast” will then remind “the throngs” why He created the night and the day, when it will no longer be possible to distinguish the two.
27:86 Do they not see that We made the night, so that they might rest in it, and the day so that they might see? Surely in that are signs for a believing people.
Will the beast have a number like in The Book of Revelation?
Probably not. I don’t think it’s that type of beast.
What happens next?
A trumpet is blown. It must be noted that scholars disagree on the sequence that follows, as to whether the beast comes before or after the first blast of the trumpet.
Fair enough! Who will be in charge of blowing what has to be one humongous trumpet if everyone on Earth is expected to hear?
The angel Israfil, who has been waiting all his life for this one big occasion, will have the honours of blowing his massive horn not once, but twice. The first blow will kill the undead and anyone still walking on Earth and in heaven. After everyone becomes a corpse in the real sense of the word, Israfil will blow his horn a second time. This second blast will raise the dead undead who will begin marching out of their graves like zombies (or maybe locusts), accompanied by the recently [forcibly] departed and quickly resurrected, in the direction of the angel blowing the trumpet.
So where on Earth will this reveille trumpeting angel be?
Dabiq. Islamic tradition maintains that the gathering place on Judgement Day is in present-day Syria near a town called Dabiq.
36:51 And the Trumpet is blown, then behold how from their graves, unto their Lord, they slink away.
36:52 They will say: “Woe betide us; whoever has roused us from our sleep? This is what the All-Compassionate has promised, and the Messengers have spoken the truth.”
36:53 It was only a single cry, and behold they were all brought before Us.
36:54 So, today no soul shall be wronged a whit, and you will only be rewarded for what you used to do.
54:6 Turn away from them. On the Day the caller shall call out an abominable thing;
54:7 They will come out of their graves, with their eyes downcast, as if they were swarming locusts,
54:8 Scrambling towards the caller. The unbelievers will say: “This is a very hard day.”
That will be quite the scramble.
Not likely, like His Messenger, God will expect an orderly procession and assembly.
18:47 And on the Day We shall cause the mountains to move and you see the earth uncovered, and We gather them all, having left no one behind.
18:48 And they will be brought before your Lord in rows: “Now you come to Us as We created you for the first time. Nay, you claimed that We would not fix for you an appointed time.”
Will it be a long walk?
Not for the God-fearing.
50:31 Paradise will be brought closer to the God-fearing, not a far distance.
50:32 “This is what you were promised; to every penitent keeper (of Allah’s ordinances),
50:33 “He who fears the Compassionate in the Unseen and comes forward with a penitent heart.
50:34 “Enter it in peace; that is the Day of Immortality.”
50:35 They will have whatever they desire therein, and We have yet much more.
For some, in a variation of The Rapture, this will be a short flight directly to Paradise.
16:30 And, it is said to those who fear God: “What has your Lord revealed?” They say: “Something good.” To those who do good in this world is the good reward; and the Hereafter is surely much better. Blessed indeed is the abode of the God-fearing!
16:31 Gardens of Eden they shall enter, beneath which rivers flow. They will have therein whatever they desire. Thus Allah rewards the God-fearing.
16:32 Those whom the angels will carry off while in a state-of-grace, saying: “Peace upon you; enter Paradise for what you did.”
16:33 Do they only expect that the angels should come to them, or that your Lord’s Command should come? This is what those who came before them did. Allah did not wrong them, but they wronged themselves.
16:34 They were afflicted by the evil consequences of their actions, and were overtaken by what they mocked (the punishment).
What about those upon whom Allah will inflict evil for their supposed sins?
An interesting concept, doing evil to those who have done evil—but that was not your question. Some sinners will be carried off by angels, definitely those with legs intertwined, though the flight will not be pleasant and the destination leaves a lot to be desired.
47:27 How, then, will it be when the angels shall carry them off, beating their faces and their buttocks?
47:28 That is because they have followed what has angered Allah and were averse to His good pleasure. So He has foiled their works.
Why would peoples’ legs be intertwined?
This may be specific to people like Abu Jahl—a prominent figure in Mecca with soldiers at his disposal, which will be of no avail against “the guards of Hell”—who denied Allah’s Revelations, for which God will drag him by the forelock on Judgement Day.
96:9 Have you considered him (Abu Jahl) who forbids,
96:10 A servant when he prays?
96:11 Have you considered whether he was well-guided?
96:12 Or commanded piety?
96:13 Have you considered whether he was lying and backtracking?
96:14 Does he not know that Allah perceives?
96:15 No; if he will not desist, We shall take him by the forelock,
96:16 A lying, erring forelock.
96:17 Let him then call his company.
96:18 We shall call the guards of Hell.
96:19 No; do not obey him. Prostrate yourself and come closer.
75:28 And he (Abu Jahl) thinks that was the parting;
75:29 And leg is intertwined with leg;
75:30 Unto your Lord shall be the resort.
75:31 For he (Abu Jahl) did not believe nor pray;
75:32 But rather denied and turned away.
75:33 Then, he went to his own folk in a swagger.
75:34 Woe be to you and woe;
75:35 Then, woe be to you and woe!
Did Allah actually double “woe”—or was it quadruple “woe”—this Jahl fellow?
Yes, God is one to repeat himself. Get used to it!
How will the angels be able to beat Abu Jahl’s buttocks while carrying him to wherever? Do angels have claws for feet like hawks?
I doubt it. Maybe one angel will do the lifting and another, the beating. After all, there will be two of them, each considering who will take on the role of the charmer.
Who will be the what?!
75:20 No, indeed, you loved the present life;
75:21 And forsake the Hereafter.
75:22 On that Day, faces shall be radiant,
75:23 Looking upon their Lord.
75:24 And faces, on that Day, shall be scowling;
75:25 Thinking that a disaster shall be wrecked upon them.
75:26 No indeed, when (the soul) reaches the breast-bones,
75:27 And it is said: “Who shall be the charmer?”
According to Moududi, “charmer” refers to the angel who will take the soul of the reborn deceased, when it reaches, in this instance ‘the breast-bone’. If you loved your life among the living, it will be an angel from the Punishment contingent who will do this; if you yearned for the Hereafter, and did all the right things, it will be an angel from the Mercy contingent. Again, this is all according to our foremost authority on Allah's Book, the first recipient of the King Faisal International Award for his contribution to Islamic studies and our understanding of the Koran.
How charming—but wait! One minute I am walking, and the next I am flying. Which is it?
I don’t know! Maybe only those from the far corners of the Earth will be brought to Dabiq by air. Perhaps you will be walking part of the way and flying another distance. Don’t make things complicated. Just believe, as Allah says, “with certainty,” and everything will make sense; even the stuff that doesn’t.
How long will the trip to Hell take?
Not long. Like Paradise, Hell will be brought closer. Unlike Paradise, it will have to be dragged to its station.
89:21 No; when the earth is demolished completely.
89:22 And your Lord comes, together with the angels, in rows upon rows;
89:23 And Hell is brought forth on that Day. Then man will remember on that Day; but wherefrom will remembrance come to him?
89:24 He will say: “Would that I had advanced something for (this) my life!”
89:25 On that Day, none shall punish like His (Hell’s) punishment.
89:26 And none shall bind with fetters like His.
Here’s an easy question; how should I dress for the occasion?
If you are an unbeliever, fireproof clothing would be a good idea; otherwise, if you have the time, put on the best finery that Allah has provided for you.
7:32 Say: “Who has forbidden Allah’s finery which He fashioned for His servants, or the good things He provided?” Say: “These are meant, in the present world, for those who believe, and exclusively for them on the Day of Resurrection.” Thus We make clear Our Revelations for a people who know.
How will I know where to go? What to do?
You will be accompanied by two angels known as the Kiraman Katibeen, i.e., the Noble Writers, who have been perched on your shoulders since you were born; the one on the right records your good deeds and the one on your left records your bad ones, all in a book that they will share when the time comes.
50:16 We have indeed created man, and We know what his soul insinuates to him. We are to him closer than the jugular vein.
50:17 When the two angels receive, one sitting on the right, the other on the left;
50:18 He does not utter a word but is observed by a vigilant observer by his side.
According to a trusted website in these matters, one or both of the eavesdroppers will, on Judgement Day, take you into custody and show you the way, according to the driver in Revelation 50:21.
50:19 The death pang has come in truth. “That is what you were turning away from.”
50:20 The Trumpet will be blown; “That is the Day of Warning.”
50:21 Every soul will come forward with (an angel) driver and a (an angel) witness.
50:22 “You were oblivious of this; so We lifted your cover from you and your vision today is keen.”
So Allah will listen to the testimony of someone who should know?
Not always. If you were part of an entire nation, like that of Pharaoh, which did not believe in Allah, you will probably be judged without any preliminaries, along with other nations whose citizens and jinns couldn’t have cared less about His Revelations. The driver angels, like in a massive cattle drive, will immediately herd you all into Hell, one after the other.
7:38 Allah will say: “Enter together with nations who have gone before you, jinn and men, into the Fire. Every time a nation enters it, it curses its sister-nation; so that when they shall have followed each other into it, the last of them will say of the first: “Our Lord, these led us astray; inflict on them a double punishment in the Fire.” He will say: “A double [punishment] to each, but you do not know.”
7:39 And the first of them will say to the last: “In no way are you better than us; so taste the punishment for what you did.”
Which Pharaoh is this?
The Pharaoh of Moses and Pharaoh; he is the only historical real-world leader in all of history mentioned by name, i.e., his title, as making an appearance on Judgement Day when he will lead his people into Hell. It will be magnificent!
11:96 And we have indeed sent Moses with Our Signs and a manifest authority,
11:97 To Pharaoh and his dignitaries; but they followed Pharaoh’s command, and Pharaoh’s command was not sound.
11:98 He shall be at the head of his people on the Day of Resurrection; thus he shall lead them into the Fire. How wretched is the place to which they will be led!
Note to self: Don’t follow the pharaoh on Judgement Day; he’s going where you don’t want to go. Won’t the believers also be fumbling in the semi-darkness towards the judgement place?
Not really; Allah will provide them with a light.
57:12 On the Day that you will see the believers, men and women, with their light beaming in front of them and in their right hands [the sign]: “Your good news today is Gardens beneath which rivers flow; dwelling therein forever. That indeed is the great triumph.”
57:19 And those who believe in Allah and His Messenger are truly the pious and the martyrs in their Lord’s Sight. They shall have their wage and their light; but those who disbelieve and deny Our Signs, are truly the companions of Hell.
That “light” sounds like a metaphor for something else; nonetheless, if I don’t have a light of my own, can I follow those who do?
Think again. Allah thinks of everything.
57:13 On the Day the hypocrites, men and women, will say to the believers: “Wait for us, so that we may borrow from your light.” It will be said: “Go back and seek for yourselves a light.” Then a wall will be raised between them both, which has a door. On the inner part thereof is Mercy, and on the opposite side the outer part thereof is punishment.
57:14 They will call out to them: “Were we not with you?” They will say: “Yes indeed; but you deluded yourselves, you waited long, doubted and were deceived by false hopes, until Allah’s Decree came and the deceiver (Satan) deceived you regarding Allah.”
I thought the hypocrites were those who couldn’t make up their minds about accepting Islam? Those on-again, off-again apostates!
You may be right. All that is known for certain is that only the believers will possess this light, whatever it is.
At least I have a driver; that is very considerate of Allah.
Again, not really—not if you believed in other gods, or worshipped the son He never had. If you did, that driver angel and his friend spell trouble, big trouble.
50:23 His companion (angel) will say: “This is what I have; it is ready.”
50:24 (Allah will say): “Cast into Hell every obdurate unbeliever; 50:25 “Hinderer of the good, transgressor and doubter;
50:26 “Who has set up another god beside Allah. Cast him, then, into the terrible punishment.”
What is this inner door called Mercy?
I am not sure. What I am sure of, however, is that if you are a hypocrite or an unbeliever you will not be allowed through it.
57:15 Therefore, today no ransom will be taken from you (the hypocrites), nor from the unbelievers. The Fire will be your refuge; it will be your master; and what an evil fate!”
So the believers will go through the door of Mercy to enter Paradise?
Believers who have committed no sin don’t require mercy to enter Paradise; perhaps that is why Allah will gather the believers in one group and lead them to the gates. Maybe that is where the driver angel comes in again?
13:20 Those who fulfil their pledge to Allah and do not violate the Covenant;
13:21 And those who join together what Allah has commanded to be joined, fear their Lord and dread the terror of reckoning;
13:22 And those who forbear, seeking the face of their Lord, perform the prayer, spend freely of what We have provided them with, secretly and in public, and counter evil with good – to those belong the blissful end of the Hereafter.
13:23 They shall enter the Gardens of Eden, together with the righteous among their fathers, their spouses and their posterity; and the angels shall enter upon them from every gate [saying]:
13:24 “Peace be upon you for your forbearance and blessed is the final Abode!”
19:85 The Day we shall gather the God-fearing before the Compassionate as one party.
What about the other kind, the unbelievers?
You mean those who “spread corruption in the land.”
13:25 As to those who break Allah’s Covenant once it is contracted, sever what Allah commanded to be joined and spread corruption in the land, upon them shall be the curse and theirs is the evil abode (Hell).
So the unbelievers—those who spread corruption in land, who were not herded into the Fire with their leaders leading the way—will now be gathered by Allah and led into Hell by His Almightiness?
Not before parading the most culpable around its perimeter on their knees, after which there will be a selection of the most guilty.
19:66 Man says: “If I die, shall I be raised from the dead?”
19:67 Does not man remember that We created him before, when he was nothing?
19:68 By your Lord then, We shall certainly gather them together with the devils, then we will lead them around Hell on their knees.
19:69 Then We shall seize from each group the most rebellious against the Compassionate.
Then, it’s into the boiling water before being herded into Hell! (Though there may be exceptions.)
19:86 And drive the wicked into Hell as one thirsty herd.
19:87 They have no power of intercession, except for him who has taken a pledge from the Compassionate.
40:70 Those who disbelieved in this Book and what We sent Our Messengers with; they shall surely know.
40:71 When the fetters and chains shall be upon their necks and they shall be dragged along.
40:72 In the boiling water; then, in the Fire they will be consumed.
How will He know who is most guilty and why single them out?
He is Allah, what can I say? As for why: to make an example of the “special treatment” they will receive, perhaps a double burning-to-a-crisp, although I don’t know how you would do that.
16:88 [As for] those who disbelieve and debar people from the Path of Allah, We will add punishment to their punishment on account of the mischief they used to make.
19:70 And We certainly know best who among them deserves most to be burned therein.
19:71 There is not one of you but will go down to it (Hell). That is for your Lord a Decree which must be accomplished.
He blinded them to what should have been obvious, but it won’t matter.
20:124 “But he who shuns My Reminder will have a life of hardship, and We shall raise him up a blind man, on the Day of Resurrection.”
20:125 He will say: “Lord, why did your raise me up a blind man, while I was originally capable of seeing?”
20:126 He (Allah) will say: “That is how our Revelations came to you, but you forgot them; and that is how, today, you shall be forgotten.”
20:127 And that is how We reward the extravagant who would not believe in the Revelations of His Lord. The punishment of the Hereafter is surely more terrible and more lasting.
So the unbelievers will not literally be blinded? That would be terrible!
Allah’s Hell isn’t just about pain and terror on a cosmic scale; it’s also about gloating. Remember, Hell can be seen from Paradise, and vice versa. In fact, Hell will be a large part of the entertainment for the inhabitants of Paradise who, along with God, will laugh at and mock the tormented unbelievers from the comforts of Paradise. Throughout the Koran, Allah revels in what He will do to unbelievers when they inevitably cross into His Dominion. Blind unbelievers roasting in Hell, not being able to see the enjoyment of believers and His Messenger, would seriously reduce the gloating factor. In fact, God admits in one revelation that He will not literally blind them, so that they can “see the path they should have taken” (Moududi).
36:66 And had We wished, We would have blotted out their eyes. Then they would race upon the pathway but how will they see.
36:67 And had We wished, We would have deformed them upon their own seats, so that they could not take off or turn back.
Gloating?! If it wasn't for the out-of-this-word sadism, that would be so childish!
Children can be cruel—though perhaps not that cruel—and by the way, children will not be spared the terror of Judgement Day either.
73:15 We have sent unto you a Messenger (the Prophet Muhammad), bearing witness against you, just as We had sent unto Pharaoh a Messenger.
73:16 Then Pharaoh disobeyed the Messenger; so we seized him with terrible force.
73:17 So, how will you guard, if you disbelieve, against a Day which will make children white with fear?
73:18 The heavens shall be rent asunder thereby. His Promise is a thing accomplished.
73:19 This is truly a reminder; so that he who wishes may follow unto his Lord a path.
What kind of god takes pleasure in scaring children? I thought Jesus was one of Allah’s messengers; didn’t he say something about the Kingdom of Heaven belonging to children?
Muhammad was chosen to correct lesser messengers such as Jesus, who obviously got it wrong.
Children being scared white; how awful!
If you think that’s bad, those terrified children will then have to appear alone before Allah to be judged.
31:33 O people fear your Lord and beware of the Day when no father shall stand for his child and no infant shall stand for his father in the least. Allah’s promise is true, so let not the present life delude you or let any deceiver delude you regarding Allah.
Did Allah actually single out infants?
In my translation, yes.
I think I am going to be sick. What next?
Then it is time to separate those deemed good from the bad.
19:72 Then, we shall deliver the righteous and leave the wrongdoers therein on their knees.
Haven’t we already done that?
This time around, the selection will be made based on facial appearance.
10:25 And Allah summons to the Abode of Peace and leads whomever He pleases to a straight path.
10:26 To those who do the good is the best reward (Paradise) and more (they will be able to look at Allah); and their faces shall not be covered with blackness or misery. Those are the people of Paradise, wherein they will abide forever.
3:106 On the Day when some faces will turn white and others will turn black. As to those whose faces turn black [it will be said]: “Did you disbelieve after you had believed? Then taste the punishment because you have disbelieved.”
3:107 But as for those whose faces turned white, they will dwell in Allah’s Mercy (Paradise) forever.
3:108 These are the Revelations of Allah. We recite them to you in truth, and Allah does not desire any injustice for mankind.
3:109 And to Allah belongs what is in the heavens and on earth, and unto Him all matters shall be referred.
Does that mean only white people will enter Paradise, and black people sent to Hell?
There is a difference between skin complexion that is a result of your race and skin colour that is a result of God applying His own brand of makeup to the people He will welcome into His home.
Why would Allah perpetuate a stereotype that white is better than black, and by that I mean people.
It has nothing to do with people I am sure. Don’t you a have a favourite colour?
That’s beside the point. If I was a black person and to enter Paradise I would have to let God make me into a white-face (sic), I would be insulted.
People who are unhappy with whatever Allah does don’t get an invite, so I wouldn’t worry about it.
How will I know my friends if Allah has not guided me down a straight path?
You will have no friends, and God told Muhammad to make that crystal clear, but not before repeating what should be obvious by now.
40:15 Exalted in rank, Owner of the Throne, He cast the spirit by His command upon whomever of His servants He wishes, to warn of the Day of the Encounter.
40:16 The Day on which they will emerge, nothing of theirs being concealed from Allah. “Whose is the sovereignty today?” “It is Allah’s, the One, the Conqueror.”
40:17 Today, every soul will be rewarded for what is has earned. There is no injustice today. Allah is surely Quick in reckoning. 40:18 Warn them of the Day of Imminence, when the hearts shall come up to the throats. The wrongdoers will have then no intimate friend and no intercessor will be heeded.
40:19 He knows what the eyes betray and what the breasts conceal.
43:67 Friends on that Day shall be enemies of one another; except for the God-fearing.
The only people you will be remotely intimate with will be the unbelievers in chains next to you, and all of your faces will be on fire or charred beyond recognition.
14:48 On the Day the earth shall change into another earth, and the heavens too; and they shall appear before Allah, the One, the Conqueror.
14:49 And you will see the wicked sinners on that Day bound together in chains.
14:50 Their garments made of pitch and their faces on fire.
14:51 That Allah may reward every soul according to what it has earned. Surely Allah is Quick at reckoning.
14:52 This is a proclamation to mankind that they be warned thereby, and know that He is One God, and that men of understanding may remember well.
39:60 On the Day of Resurrection, you will see those who told lies against Allah with their faces blackened. Is not there in Hell a resting-place for the arrogant?
39:61 And Allah will save the God-fearing on account of their felicitous deeds. No evil will touch them and they will not grieve.
The Compassionate is One Vengeful God, indeed. What is meant by “the earth shall change into another earth”?
Based on what you heard so far, the Earth as we know it will take quite a beating on Judgement Day. In fact, according to one revelation Allah will smash it to bits.
69:13 Then when the Trumpet shall be blown a single time;
69:14 And the earth and the mountains shall be lifted and then crushed with a single blow.
If Judgment Day is to take place on Earth, won’t God need a usable planet?
I will let Moududi explain how He will go about recreating one:
It is obvious from this verse (14:48) and some hints in the Qur'an that on the occasion of Resurrection, the Earth and the Heavens will not be totally destroyed but at the blowing of the "First Trumpet", the existing physical system shall be disarranged. After this, between the blowing of the "First" and the "Last Trumpet" the present form and aspect of the earth and the heavens shall be transformed and a new physical system with new physical laws will come into existence. That will be the world of the Hereafter. When the "Last Trumpet" will be blown, all human beings from Adam to those born before the "First Trumpet", shall be brought to life and appear before Allah. The Qur'an calls this (Hashr) which literally means "to muster and gather together". It appears from the wording of the Qur'an and some clear statements in the Traditions that this will take place on this Earth. The "Seat of Judgment" and the "Scales" will be established on the Earth and the decisions will be passed here.
A clear revelation to that effect is Verse 79:14 from Surah 79, The Snatchers.
In the Name of Allah,
the Compassionate, the Merciful
79:1 By those who snatch violently (angels),
79:2 And those who draw out lightly,
79:3 And those who glide smoothly,
79:4 And those who outstrip suddenly,
79:5 And those who conduct an affair.
79:6 On the day that the first blast shall reverberate.
79:7 Followed by the succeeding blast.
79:8 Hearts on that Day shall be throbbing;
79:9 Their sights downcast.
79:10 They will say: “Shall we then be restored to the original condition.
79:11 “Shall we, after we were shrivelled bones?”
79:12 They will say: “That indeed was a losing turn.”
79:13 Then, it will be only a single blast;
79:14 And they will be back on the surface of the earth.
Still, it will be a tight squeeze. Imagine Earth with perhaps 200 billion or more people!
Not to mention billions of jinns and angels. Maybe that is why Allah flattens the mountains or sends them careening across the sky—to make more room.
20:105 And they will ask about the mountains, say: “My Lord will reduce them to dust,
20:106 “And leave them as bare flatland,
20:107 “In which you see no ups and downs.”
27:87 And on the Day the Trumpet is blown, those in the heavens and on earth are terrified, except for whomever Allah wills; and everyone will come to Him humbly.
27:88 And you will see the mountains and suppose them immobile, whereas they are passing quickly like clouds – the Handiwork of Allah Who perfected everything. He is truly conversant with what you do.
If you can still manage, while being pressed on all sides, to do a good deed on Judgement Day, you won’t be terrified by Allah’s end-of-days spectacle. Then again, Revelation 27:89 may refer to doing a good deed before all the mayhem.
27:89 Whoever performs a good deed will receive a reward better than it, and they are secure on that day against the terror.
Of course, if you commit an evil deed on that Day, or have done evil before the big squeeze, you will be cast face-first into the fire.
27:90 And those who perpetrate an evil deed, their faces will be cast into the Fire. Will you be rewarded except for what you used to do?
39:24 Is he who wards off with his face the evil punishment on the Day of Resurrection? And it is said then to the wrongdoers: “Taste what you used to earn.”
 Muhammad expected Judgement Day to occur during his lifetime or shortly after his death.
Narrated Sahl bin Sad As-Sa'idi (a companion of Allah's Apostle):
Allah's Apostle, holding out his middle and index fingers, said, "My advent and the Hour are like this (or like these)," namely, the period between his era and the Hour is like the distance between those two fingers, i.e. very short.
 In another hadith, the ominous ratio will be fifty women for every man.
I will narrate to you a Hadith and none other than I will tell you about after it. I heard Allah's Apostle saying: From among the portents of the Hour are (the following):
1. Religious knowledge will decrease (by the death of religious learned men).
2. Religious ignorance will prevail.
3. There will be prevalence of open illegal sexual intercourse.
4. Women will increase in number and men will decrease in number so much so that fifty women will be looked after by one man.
 The most bizarre spectacle involving women that will signal the Hour is imminent is the jiggling of some women's buttocks.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The Hour will not be established till the buttocks of the women of the tribe of Daus move while going round Dhi-al-Khalasa."
(Dhi-al-Khalasa was the idol of the Daus tribe which they used to worship in the pre Islamic Period of Ignorance)
 It was narrated from Mu’aadh ibn Jabal that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The people of Paradise will enter Paradise hairless, beardless with their eyes anointed with kohl, aged thirty or thirty-three years.” al-Tirmidhi 2545
 Muhammad was a perfectionist keen on micromanaging every detail of existence, and prayer was no exception. Allah obviously approved of His spokesperson’s obsession.
Narrated An-Nu'man bin 'Bashir:
The Prophet said, "Straighten your rows or Allah will alter your faces."
 Angels come in a variety of configurations, which will make the spectacle even more impressive.
35:1 Praise be to Allah, Originator of the heavens and the earth, Who appointed the angels as messengers, having wings twofold, threefold and fourfold. He increases the creation as He wills. Allah, indeed, has power over everything.
 The Prophet said: “Hell will be brought forth that Day by means of seventy thousand ropes, each of which will be held by seventy thousand angels.” Sahih Muslim
 “On the Day of Resurrection, when every man will rise from his grave on the sounding of the Trumpet, the two angels will come forth immediately and take him into their custody. One of them will drive him to the divine court and the other will be carrying his record.” www.islamicstudies.info
 “The light will be the light of righteous deeds” (www.islamicstudies.info). This only make sense if they have already been given their book of good and bad deeds.
 Paradise is a sure thing for a woman whose husband was pleased with her when she died.
The Prophet said: “If a woman dies while her husband was pleased with her, she will enter Paradise.”
 In the Koran, it can appear as though the bad people had it good, which may explain www.islamicstudies.info giving a new definition to ‘hardship’: in this instance, it means “suffering from pangs of a guilty conscience and deprived of the peace of mind and real happiness” that comes from having ignored the ‘Reminder’.