From Merchant to Messenger
He Who Must Be Obeyed
Allah's Apostle said, "All my followers will enter Paradise except those who refuse."
They said, "O Allah's Apostle! Who will refuse?"
He said, "Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys me is the one who refuses (to enter it)."
In Christianity - The New Religion we introduced a verse where the leadership of Mecca suspects that the Prophet's new religion is an attempt at a coup d'état.
38:6 And the dignitaries among them went forth saying ("The allusion is to the chiefs who got up and left Abu Talib, an uncle of the Prophet, when they had heard what the Holy Prophet said.” Moududi): “Go on and be steadfast regarding your gods. This is indeed a matter premeditated (Muhammad…. [wants] to subjugate us and rule us as his subjects, Moududi).
If it was a ploy by their kin to make himself absolute ruler of one and all, it succeeded spectacularly!
33:36 It is not up to any believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have passed a judgement, to have any choice in their affairs. Whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger have gone astray in a manifest manner.
It’s all about absolute legitimatized power; achieving it, and keeping it!
4:80 Whoever obeys the Messenger actually obeys Allah. As for those who turn away, We have not sent you to be their helpers.
4:81 They say: “Obedience”; but when they leave you, a group of them secretly plan something other than what you say. Allah writes down what they have in mind. So, shun them and put your trust in Allah; Allah is the All-Sufficient Guardian.
4:82 Do they not, then, ponder over the Qur’an? Had it been from someone other than Allah, they would have found in it many inconsistencies.
4:83 And when a matter of security or fear reaches them, they broadcast it; but had they referred it to the Messenger or the people in authority among them (the Companions of the Prophet) those of them who investigate it would comprehend it. Had it not been for Allah’s Bounty to you and His Mercy, you would all surely have followed the Devil, except for a few.
4:84 So, fight for the cause of Allah; you are charged only of yourself. Urge the believers on that Allah may perchance restrain the unbelievers’ might. Allah’s might is greater, and greater is His Retribution!
4:59 O believers, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. Should you quarrel over any matter, then refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you really believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is far better for you and fairer in interpretation.
4:60 Have you not seen those who pretend that they believe in what has been revealed to you and what was revealed before you? They wish to submit their disputes to the Devil (the reference is said to be to a Jew call Ka’b Ibn al-Ashraf, who was a bitter enemy of the Muslims), although they have been commanded to denounce him; but the Devil wishes to lead them far astray!
4:61 And if it is said to them: “Turn now to what Allah has revealed and to the Messenger”, you will find the hypocrites turning away from you with aversion.
4:62 How then if they are afflicted with a disaster on account of what their own hands perpetrated, they come to you swearing by Allah: “We only sought kindness and conciliation?”
4:63 Allah knows what is in the hearts of those ones; so leave them alone, admonish them and say to them effective words about themselves.
4:64 We have not sent forth a Messenger, but that he may be obeyed by Allah’s Leave. And had they, having wronged themselves, come to you and asked for Allah’s Forgiveness and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, then they would have found Allah All-Forgiving, Merciful.
4:65 But no, by your Lord, they will not believe until they call you to arbitrate in their dispute; then they will not be embarrassed regarding your verdict and will submit fully.
8:20 O you who believe, obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not turn away from Him while you hear.
8:21 And do not be like those who say: “We hear”, while they hear not.
Actions speak louder than words; more revelations about obedience:
24:46 We have sent down (in this Qur’an) signs making everything clear, and Allah guides whomever He pleases to a straight path.
24:47 They say: “We believe in Allah and the Messenger and we obey.” Then a group of them turn away, afterwards. Those are not real believers.
24:48 And if they are called unto Allah and His Messenger to judge between them, behold, a group of them turns away.
24:49 But if they have the right, they come to him (the Prophet) submissively.
24:50 Is there a sickness in their hearts, or are they in doubt, or do they fear that Allah and His Messenger might deal with them unjustly? No, those are the wrongdoers.
24:51 As to the believers, if they are called unto Allah and His Messenger to judge between them, they only say: “We hear and obey.” Those are the prosperous.
24:52 Those who obey Allah and His Messenger and fear Allah and beware Him; those are the real winners.
24:53 They swear their most solemn oats that, should you order them, they will go forth. Say: “Do not swear; it is a well-known obedience. Allah is fully conversant with what you do.”
24:54 Say: “Obey Allah and obey the Messenger; but if you turn away, then upon him (the Prophet) rests what he was charged with, and upon you what you were charged with. However, if you obey him, you will be well-guided. It is only incumbent on the Messenger to deliver the manifest message.”
What those who obey can expect:
24:55 Allah promised those of you who have believed and done the righteous deeds that He will surely make them successors in the land, and He made those who came before them successors, and that He will establish firmly for them their religion, which He chose for them, and that He will give them, as a substitute for their fear, security. “They worship Me and do not associate anything with Me. He who disbelieves afterwards – those are the real sinners.”
24:56 Perform the prayer, give the alms and obey the Messenger, that perchance you might receive mercy.
What those who disobey can expect:
24:57 Do not suppose that the unbelievers are able to thwart Allah on earth. Their refuge shall be the Fire, and what a wretched fate!
The Messenger Held Harmless
A "hold harmless" clause in an agreement is an article which states that one, or both parties to an agreement will not hold the other responsible for losses or damages arising out of their contractual arrangement. The Koran contains an equivalent clause, if a noted scholar’s explanation of revelation 4:113 is correct.
4:111 And whoever commits a sin, will only commit it against himself. Allah is All-Knowing, Wise!
4:112 And whoever commits an offence or a sin then charges an innocent man with it bears the burden of a falsehood and a manifest sin.
4:113 And, but for Allah’s Bounty and Mercy upon you (Muhammad), a group of them would have tried to lead you astray; however, they only lead themselves astray. They do not cause you any harm. Allah has revealed to you the Book and the Wisdom and taught you what you did not know, and Allah’s Goodness to you has been great.
Even if some people succeeded in their design to obtain from the Prophet (peace be on him) a wrong judgement in their favour by presenting a false account of events, the real loss would have been theirs rather than the Prophet's (peace be on him).
There are some things e.g. charity that need not be revealed to the authorities.
4:114 There is no good in much of their secret talk, except for him who enjoins charity, kindness or conciliation between people. Whoever does that seeking God’s good Pleasure, We will surely grant him a great reward.
The Messenger’s decision is final and must be respected.
4:115 But he who opposes the Messenger after the guidance has been manifested to him, and follows the path other than that of the believers, We will let him follow the way he has chosen for himself, and throw him into Hell; and what a wretched faith!
God’s Messenger has spoken, and like the decision rendered by the religious leadership in countries governed by the Koran, that is the last word; but unlike during the Prophet’s early years as God’s mouthpiece, many speaking in God’s name today would expedite the delivery to Allah of those who oppose them “after the guidance has been manifested”.
What Allah may expect of witnesses, including self-incrimination:
4:135 O believers, be upholders of justice, witnesses for Allah, even if it be against yourselves, your parents or kinsmen. Whether rich or poor, Allah takes better care of both. Do not follow your desire to refrain from justice. If you twist [your testimony] or turn away, Allah is Fully Aware of what you do.
5:8 O believers, be dutiful to Allah and bearers of witness with justice; and do not let the hatred of a certain group drive you to be unequitable (sic). Be equitable; that is nearer to piety, and fear Allah. Allah is indeed Fully Aware of what you do!
5:9 Allah has promised those who believe and do the good deeds they shall have forgiveness and a great reward.
5:10 But those who disbelieve and deny our Revelations those are the people of Hell.