Getting to Know Allah
Ramadan and the Koran
2:183 O you who believe, fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may be God-fearing;
2:184 For a fixed number of days. If any of you is sick or on a journey, then [an equal] number of other days. And those who find it extremely difficult (to fast) should, as a penance, feed a poor man. He who spontaneously does more good (increases the penance), it is for his own good. To fast is better for you, if only you knew.
2:185 The month of Ramadan is the month in which the Qur’an was revealed, providing guidance for mankind, with clear verses to guide and to distinguish right from wrong. He who witnesses that month should fast it. But if anyone is sick or on a journey, [he ought to fast] a number of other days. Allah desires ease and does not desire hardship for you, that you may complete the total number (of fasting days); glorify Allah for His Guidance, and that you may be thankful.
The Koran is very much all over the place as to when it was revealed. There is the month of Ramadan; in two revealed truth, revelations 44:3 and 97:1, Allah insists it was all sent down in one night, the "blessed night" and the "night of power" respectively; and in still another immutable fact communicated to a mortal by a god, revealed truth 17:106, it was sent down “piecemeal”. He even threatens in revelation 25:34 to muster "on their faces in Hell" those who, in revelation 24:32, would like it sent down all at once.
44:3 We have sent it down on a blessed night. We were then admonishing.
97:1 We have sent it (the Qur’an) down on the night of Power.
17:106 It is a Qur’an which we have divided into parts that you may recite it with deliberation, and We revealed it piecemeal.
25:32 The unbelievers say: “If only this Qur’an had been sent down on him all at once.” That is how We wanted to strengthen your heart with it and We have revealed it in stages.
25:33 They never bring you any simile but We bring you the truth and a better exposition.
25:34 Those who are mustered on their faces in Hell; those are in a worse position and are more wayward.
Nowhere in His Book does Allah mention revealing what He revealed in dreams. Yet, this is how the Prophet’s companions remember God’s Messenger receiving many of Allah's communications.
Narrated Safwan bin Ya'la bin Umaiya from his father who said:
A man came to the Prophet while he was at Ji'rana. The man was wearing a cloak which had traces of Khaluq or Sufra (a kind of perfume).
The man asked (the Prophet), "What do you order me to perform in my Umra (the lesser pilgrimage)?"
So, Allah inspired the Prophet divinely and he was screened by a place of cloth.
I wished to see the Prophet being divinely inspired.
Umar said to me, "Come! Will you be pleased to look at the Prophet while Allah is inspiring him?"
I replied in the affirmative.
Umar lifted one corner of the cloth and I looked at the Prophet who was snoring. (The sub-narrator thought that he said: The snoring was like that of a camel).
When that state was over, the Prophet asked, "Where is the questioner who asked about Umra? Put off your cloak and wash away the traces of Khaluq from your body and clean the Sufra (yellow color) and perform in your Umra what you perform in your Hajj (i.e. the Tawaf round the Ka'ba and the Sa'i between Safa and Marwa)."
None dared wake up the Prophet less he interrupt a transmission from Paradise.
Once we were traveling with the Prophet and we carried on traveling till the last part of the night and then we (halted at a place) and slept (deeply). There is nothing sweeter than sleep for a traveler in the last part of the night. So it was only the heat of the sun that made us to wake up and the first to wake up was so and so, then so and so and then so and so (the narrator Auf said that Abu Raja had told him their names but he had forgotten them) and the fourth person to wake up was Umar bin Al-Khattab.
And whenever the Prophet used to sleep, nobody would wake him up till he himself used to get up as we did not know what was happening (being revealed) to him in his sleep …