Getting to Know Allah

Allah and the Shape of the Earth

Floating an a Sea of Mud

Getting to Know AllahDhul-Qarnayn, in the Koran, “is believed to be Alexander the Great” writes Fakhry. For much of what Allah has to say about the shape of the earth we have to look at what He revealed about Alexander walking a flat earth to where the sun set in a sea of mud, and then to another corner of the world where the sun rose.

18:83 And they ask you about Dhul-Qarnayn. Say: “I will give this account of him.”

18:84 We established him firmly in the land and We gave him access to everything.

18:85 And so he followed a course;

18:86 Then, when he reached the setting-place of the sun, he found that it sets in a spring of black mud and found, by it, a people. We said: “O Dhul-Qarnayn, either you punish them or show them kindness.”

The sun briefly pauses beneath Allah's Throne, perhaps giving rise to those spectacular sunsets, before sinking in a sea of mud on which a flat earth appears to float, and re-emerging the next morning on the other side.

Narrated Abu Dhar:

The Prophet asked me at sunset, "Do you know where the sun goes [at the time of sunset]?"

I replied, "Allah and His Apostle know better."

He said, "It goes till it prostrates itself underneath the Throne and takes the permission to rise again, and it is permitted and then [a time will come when] it will be about to prostrate itself but its prostration will not be accepted, and it will ask permission to go on its course but it will not be permitted, but it will be ordered to return whence it has come and so it will rise in the west. And that is the interpretation of the Statement of Allah: And the sun runs its fixed course for a term [decreed]. That is The Decree of [Allah] The Exalted in Might, The All-Knowing."

Bukhari 54.421

This hadith would also suggest that Allah's Throne can be found in the western region of heaven.

18:87 He said: “As to the wrongdoer, we shall torture him; then he will be returned over to his Lord, Who will punish him a terrible punishment.

18:88 “But he who believes and does good deeds, he will have the fairest reward (Paradise), and we will command him to do what is easy for him.”

18:89 Then he followed [another] course.

18:90 But when he reached the rising-place of the sun, he found it rising on a people whom We have not provided with any screen against it.

18:91 So it was. We had full knowledge of what he had.

The well-travelled Alexander then headed north, assuming that the Bible and the Koran are in agreement as to the location of the mythical kingdoms of Gog and Magog.

18:92 Then he followed another course.

18:93 But when he reached the point separating the two barriers, he found beside them a people who could barely understand what is said.

18:94 They said: “O Dhul-Qarnayn, surely Gog and Magog are making mischief in the land. Shall we pay you a tribute so that you may build a barrier between us and them?”

Pointed Revelations About a Flat Earth

Cleric Mohammed Yusuf, the decease leader of Boko Haram, Nigeria's largest  gathering of holy warriors whose designation literally means “non-Islamic education is a sin” said in a 2009 BBC interview that it was all an illusion created by Allah, that the earth is flat, just like the Koran says it is.

Paradise, in the Koran, is just above the clouds, perhaps not high enough for Allah to make out the curvature of the earth and realise that it was not level like a carpet or a couch, as more revealed truths would suggest, but I doubt it!

43:9 If you ask them: “Who created the heavens and the earth?”, they will certainly say: “The All-Mighty, the All-Knowing created them.”

43:10 He who made the earth level ground for you and made for you pathways therein, that perchance you may be well-guided.


67:15 It is He Who made the earth level for you; so stroll through its regions and eat of His provisions. Unto Him is the Resurrection.

The earth is flat with a solid level roof.

79:27 Are you, then, stronger in constitution than the heaven He has erected?

79:28 He raised its vault then levelled it off.

79:29 He dimmed its night and lighted its day.

79:30 Then, the earth, He flattened.

79:31 From it, He brought out its water and its pasture.

79:32 And the mountains, He established firmly,

79:33 As a source of enjoyment for you and your cattle.


21:30 Have the unbelievers not beheld that the heavens and the earth were a solid mass, then We separated them; and of water We produced every living thing. Will they not believe, then?

21:31 And We set up in the earth immovable mountains lest it should shake with them; and We created therein wide roads, that perchance they may be guided.

21:32 And We made the sky a well guarded canopy; and they still turn away from its signs.

The earth may be as flat as a couch:

2:21 O people (of Mecca), worship your Lord who has created you as well as those who came before you so that you may guard against evil;

2:22 Who has made the earth a couch for you, and the heavens a canopy, and Who sent down water from the sky, bringing forth by it a variety of fruits as a provision for you. Therefore do not knowingly set up equals to Allah.

Or even flatter:

51:48 And the earth, We have spread it out; and how excellently We smoothed it down!


Water may have existed before Allah created the heavens and the earth.

Narrated Imran bin Hussain:

While I was with the Prophet, some people from Bani Tamim came to him. The Prophet said, "O Bani Tamim! Accept the good news!"

They said, "You have given us the good news; now give us (something)."

(After a while) some Yemenites entered, and he said to them, "O the people of Yemen! Accept the good news, as Bani Tamim have refused it."

They said, "We accept it, for we have come to you to learn the Religion. So we ask you what the beginning of this universe was."

The Prophet said "There was Allah and nothing else before Him and His Throne was over the water, and He then created the Heavens and the Earth and wrote everything in the Book."

Then a man came to me and said, "O Imran! Follow your she-camel for it has run away!"

So I set out seeking it, and behold, it was beyond the mirage!

By Allah, I wished that it (my she-camel) had gone but that I had not left (the gathering)."

Bukhari 93.514

Who Stops the Sky From Falling?

Heaven is help up by invisible pillars anchored on a flat earth.

31:10 He created the heavens without pillars that you can see and laid down in the earth immovable mountains, lest it shake with you, and scattered throughout it every variety of beast. And We have sent down water from heaven, thereby causing it to grow in it every noble [kind of plant].

31:11 This is Allah’s Creation; so show Me what those apart from Him have created. Indeed, the wrongdoers are in manifest error.

Knowing this, Allah's revelation that He keeps the sky from falling, revealed truth 22:65, makes sense.

22:63 Do you not see that Allah sends down water from the sky, whereupon the earth turns green. Allah is Gracious, Well-Informed.

22:64 To Him belongs what is in the heavens and the earth and it is Allah Who is the Self-Sufficient and the Praiseworthy.

22:65 Do you not see that Allah has subjected to you what is on earth and the ships which sail in the sea at His Command? And He keeps the sky from falling to the ground, save by His Leave. Allah is Gracious and Merciful to mankind.

But is mankind grateful?

22:66 And it is He Who gives you life, then He causes you to die, then He will bring you back to life. Man, however, is truly thankless.

Heaven and earth are made of the same materials, which would explain the need for pillars to stop it from crashing to the ground.

21:30 Have the unbelievers not beheld that the heavens and the earth were a solid mass, then We separated them; and of water We produced every living thing. Will they not believe, then?

21:31 And We set up in the earth immovable mountains lest it should shake with them; and We created therein wide roads, that perchance they may be guided. 21:32 And We made the sky a well-guarded canopy; and they still turn away from its signs.

Full Circle in Seven Verses

15:19 As for the earth, we have spread it out, laid down upon it firm mountains and caused to grow therein all sorts of fair (sic).

15:20 And We have made in it provisions for you and for those whom you do not provide for.

15:21 There is nothing for which We do not have the store-houses and sources, and We send it down only in a well-known measure.

15:22 And We send forth the winds as fertilizer; and then We send down water from the sky and give it to you to drink. But you do not store it up.

15:23 It is We Who give life and cause to die, and We are the Inheritors.

15:24 And We know those of you who came before and those who will come later.

15:25 And surely your Lord shall gather them. He is truly Wise, All-Knowing.