From Merchant to Messenger

The Prophet Muhammad's struggle for legitimacy as revealed in the Koran

Includes a short biography of his wives and their impact on the Koran.

Paperback, 192 pages

The Koran is very much the story of one man’s struggle to get his Meccan kin, the Quraysh, and neighbours to abandon their smorgasbord of gods and goddesses and to worship only Allah and to deny access to the Ka’ba to anyone who was not willing to do so.

The merchant Muhammad had it on good authority, from the archangel Gabriel no less, that Allah did not want to share His Ka’ba with alleged “associates”.

Gabriel also informed the forty-something Muhammad that he had been personally chosen by God to be His last and greatest Messenger to mankind, and unless they, the Meccans and anyone else, listened to what he had to say about how Allah wanted them to behave and how He wanted to be worshipped, they were doomed.

The Meccans thought this was a ruse concocted by Muhammad to make himself their absolute ruler.

 38:6 And the dignitaries among them went forth saying: “Go on and be steadfast regarding your gods. This is indeed a matter premeditated (Muhammad…. [wants] to subjugate us and rule us as his subjects, Moududi).

In 622, the Meccans, having had enough of his denigrating of their gods and those their ancestors, forced him to leave town. Muhammad would eventually have his way with his detractors when he returned to Mecca in 630 A.D. at the head of an army of believers as the Prophet Muhammad.

From Merchant to Messenger is not about this military-like take-over of Mecca and shortly thereafter the entire Arabian Peninsula (read Jihad in the Koran, Boreal Books, 2015) but about the way the budding Prophet tried to cajole his kin and fellow citizens of Mecca into accepting him as Allah’s legitimate and last spokesman and therefore deserving of their unquestioning obedience.

Muhammad's appeals were almost always laced with threats of a horrible punishment from His Mentor, and later from him, if they did not do as they were told. These threats would lead to possibly the first linking of Islam with terrorism.

50:45 We know better what they say and you are not a tyrant terrorizing them. So, remind, by the Qur’an, him who fears My Warning.

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A Book Revealed

Allegations of Plagiarism and Fabrication

Trading in Revelations

Punishment for Misrepresenting Allah's Book

Mocking the Messenger

Not Worthy

An Object of Curiosity


Laughing Stock

A Gullible Man

A Poet Possessed

A Man Bewitched

A Madman

Allah's Response to the Mocking

A Tradition of Mocking and Punishment

Powerless to Stop the Mocking

No Angels Intervene and Why

The Jinn Believe In You

Put Up With It, Help Is On the Way

Rhetoric to the Rescue

More Questions than Answers

Nothing But Rhetoric

Who Will Have the Last Laugh

Doubts Dismissed

About a Foreign Messenger

About a Foreign Koran

Not His Brother's Keeper

A Messenger's Duty

Paying for the Message

A Teacher and His Star Pupil

The Pupil Admonished

He Who Must Be Obeyed

The Messenger Held Harmless

The Seal of the Prophets

The End is Near

A Matter of Time

A Disagreement Among Scholars

Show me Hell or Give Me Death

If You Can't Believe God ...

Ephemeral Revelations On Etiquette

Paying for an Audience

Man on a Mission

Revenge and An Extraordinary Accomplishment

A Prophet on His Own

No Jesus-like Miracles

For the Love of a Father

Conceit and the Damning of Innovation

Method or Misstep


Mughirah - Enemy of the Prophet

What Mughirah Heard

What Mughirah May Not Have Heard

Abu Jahl

Night Vigil

What Aisha Saw

Rukaya Saves Her Father

Rockin the Ka’ba

Wives of the Messenger

Thirteen Wives and a Concubine

Khadijah, Sauda, Aisha, Hafsa, Zaynab b. Khuzayma, Umm Salama, Zaynab b. Jahsh, Juwayriyya, Rayhanah, Umm Habida, Safiyya, Mariya, Maymuna, Asma

The Last Sermon

The Prophet's Last Sermon